Bilbao

bilbao
Från överst, medurs: Panorama från berget Artxanda, Iglesia de San Antón, Guggenheimmuseet, Bilbaos metro och Palacio Euskalduna.

Bilbao

Bilbao är en spansk hamn- och industristad i provinsen Biscaya i Baskien, cirka 12 km innanför floden Nervions mynning i Biscayabukten. Med förstäder har Bilbao cirka en miljon invånare. Bilbao är en av Spaniens viktigaste industristäder med järn- och stålindustri. Hamnen är Spaniens näst största. År 1997 invigdes Guggenheimmuseet i Bilbao, ett nytt konstmuseum där själva byggnaden har en mycket intressant arkitektur signerad Frank Gehry.

Bilbao var en av regeringssidans viktigaste stödjepunkter i början av spanska inbördeskriget men intogs av Franco i juni 1937.

Europeiska arbetsmiljöbyrån, som är ett EU organ, är placerat i Bilbao.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bilbao  is a municipality and city in Spain, the capital of the province of Biscay in the autonomous community of the Basque Country. It is the largest municipality of the Basque Country and the tenth largest in Spain, with a population of 353,187 in 2010.  The Bilbao metropolitan area has roughly 1 million inhabitants,  making it one of the most populous metropolitan areas in northern Spain; with a population of 875,552 the comarca of Greater Bilbao is the fifth-largest urban area in Spain.

Bilbao is situated in the north-central part of Spain, some 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) south of the Bay of Biscay, where the estuary of Bilbao is formed. Its main urban core is surrounded by two small mountain ranges with an average elevation of 400 metres (1,300 ft).

After its foundation in the early 14th century by Diego López V de Haro, head of the powerful Haro family, Bilbao was a commercial hub of the Basque Country that enjoyed significant importance in Green Spain. This was due to its port activity based on the export of iron extracted from the Biscayan quarries. Throughout the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth, Bilbao experienced heavy industrialisation, making it the centre of the second-most industrialised region of Spain, behind Barcelona.  At the same time an extraordinary population explosion prompted the annexation of several adjacent municipalities. Nowadays, Bilbao is a vigorous service city that is experiencing an ongoing social, economic, and aesthetic revitalisation process, started by the iconic Bilbao Guggenheim Museum,  and continued by infrastructure investments, such as the airport terminal, the rapid transit system, the tram line, the Alhóndiga, and the currently under development Abandoibarra and Zorrozaurre renewal projects.

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