Blagoevgrad stad i Bulgarien med operahus

Blagoevgrad

Blagoevgrad stad i Bulgarien med operahus

Blagoevgrad är en stad i sydvästra Bulgarien med omkring 76 000 invånare. Staden är administrativt centrum i regionen B . Trakerna grundade staden Skaptopara på platsen omkring 300 f.Kr

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Blagoevgrad (Bulgarian: Благоевград) is а city in southwestern Bulgaria, the administrative centre of B Municipality and of B Province, with a population of 70,881 inhabitants  (as of 2011). It lies on the banks of the Blagoevgradska Bistritsa River.

The city is the economic and cultural centre of southwestern Bulgaria. It is located in the valley of the Struma River at the foot of the Rila and Pirin Mountains, 101 kilometres (63 miles) south of Sofia, close to Republic of Macedonia border. Blagoevgrad features a pedestrian downtown with preserved 19th-century architecture and numerous restaurants, cafes, coffee shops, and boutiques.

Blagoevgrad is home to two universities, the South-West University “Neofit Rilski” and the American University in Bulgaria. The city hosts also the “Sts. Cyril and Methodius National Humanitarian High School”, the former Bulgarian Men’s High School of Thessaloniki moved from Thessaloniki to Blagoevgrad (then Gorna Dzhumaya) in 1913. Attractions in the surrounding area include the resort Bodrost.

History

An ancient Thracian settlement called Scaptopara (market town in Thracian, Σκαπτοπαρα in Greek) emerged on the site around 300 BC and was later conquered by the Roman Empire. The settlement was known for the hot springs in the vicinity. Although the history of the settlement in the Middle Ages is unknown, during the Ottoman rule of the Balkans it became a Muslim-majority town called Cuma-ı Bala, meaning Upper Juma in Persian and Ottoman Turkish. A Bulgarian quarter called Varosha was formed during the Bulgarian National Revival, with many of its typical houses and the Church of the Presentation of the Mother of God from 1844 being preserved to this day. A chitalishte was founded in 1866 and the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 saw the liberation of the area from Ottoman rule and its integration in the Bulgarian state. Before the Balkan Wars, Cuma-ı Bala was bounded as kaza to Serez sandjak in Selanik vilayet.

In 1900, according to Vasil Kanchov the population of the town numbers 6440 people, of whom 1250 Bulgarians, 4500 Turks, 250 Vlachs, 200 Gypsies, 180 Jews and 60 Greeks.  During that time most of the Turks were in the city and the Bulgarians in the surrounding villages. Many refugees from Aegean and Vardar Macedonia arrived in the town in the subsequent decades as the town, then known as Gorna Dzhumaya (a partial translation of the Ottoman name), continued to grow in size and importance. The name Gorna Dzhumaya ( Горна Джумая; “Upper Dzhumaya”) contrasts the town from Dolna Dzhumaya (Долна Джумая; “Lower Dzhumaya”, “Cuma-i Zir” in Turkish) to the south, today called Irakleia in Serres regional unit, Macedonia, Greece.

The town was renamed Blagoevgrad in 1950.

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In English

Länk till kammaroperan i Blagoevgrad

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