Brisbane operastad och huvudstad i Quensland
Brisbane är en stad i Australien med 1,9 miljoner invånare. Den är huvudstad i delstaten Quensland samt den tredje största staden i Australien och största stad i Queensland. B är byggd utefter B River, som slingrar sig igenom staden och korsas av flera broar. Namnet har staden fått efter Sir Thomas B , som var guvernör i New South Wales åren 1821-1825.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
One of the oldest cities in Australia, it was founded upon the ancient homelands of the Turrbal and Jagera peoples. Named after the river on which it is located, which in turn was named after Scotsman Sir Thomas B , the Governor of New South Wales from 1821 to 1825. The area was chosen as a place for secondary offenders from the Sydney Colony. A penal settlement was founded in 1824 at Redcliffe, 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of the central business district. That settlement was soon abandoned and moved to North Quay in 1825, and opened to free settlement in 1842.
The city was marred by Aboriginal conflict between 1843-1855, and development was partly setback by the Great Fire of Brisbane, and the Great Brisbane Flood. Brisbane was chosen as the capital when Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony from New South Wales in 1859. During World War II, Brisbane played a central role in the Allied campaign and served as the South West Pacific headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur.
Today, B is well known for its distinct Queenslander Architecture which forms much of the built heritage of B . It is a popular tourist destination, serving as a gateway for visitors to the state of Queensland. The city has hosted several large cultural, international and sporting events, including the 1982 Commonwealth Games, World Expo ’88, the final Goodwill Games in 2001, and the 2014 G-20 summit.