Carlo Bergonzi italian tenor 1924-2014

Carlo Bergonzi italian tenor 1924-2014

Tenor Carlo Bergonzi, for many, epitomized Verdian grace and style, not only for his generation, but for the entire 20th century. His parents were great opera lovers and took him to see Il trovatore when he was just six. Bergonzi responded enthusiastically: the next morning, his parents found him in the kitchen, singing ”Di quella pira” as best he could. And staging the scene with kitchen implements.

Carlo Bergonzi italian tenor 1924-2014

Carlo Bergonzi performed under slightly more formal auspices, in church choirs and in child roles in the Busseto Opera. When he was 14, he auditioned for Edmondo Grandini. Grandini decided that Bergonzi was a baritone and offered him lessons. Bergonzi moved to Brescia to study with him, though his studies were interrupted by the war. And later by his imprisonment for anti-Nazi activities in a German prisoner-of-war camp. When the war ended, he returned to Italy and began studies at the Boito Conservatory in Parma.

At the conservatory

At the conservatory, he was still considered a baritone. He studied with Ettore Campogalliani and after graduation, made his professional debut as Schaunard in La bohème in 1947, his debut in a lead as Rossini’s Figaro in 1948 at Lecce, and continued to sing leading baritone roles there, even at one point replacing Tito Gobbi as Rigoletto. However, he himself remained convinced that he was a tenor. Finally, having used what he had learned at the conservatory and recordings of other tenors, particularly Caruso, Schipa, Gigli, and Pertile, and what he remembered from singing on stage withSchipa and Gigli, he made his debut as a tenor at Bari as Andrea Chénier in 1951 and soon sang two major Verdi tenor roles: Riccardo (Un ballo in maschera) and Alvaro in La forza del destino. To keep his voice flexible, he also sang lighter roles, such as Nemorino and even Nero in Monteverdi’s L’incoronazione di Poppea.

Debut La Scala

In 1953 he made his La Scala debut creating the role of Mas’Aniello in Napoli’s opera and his London debut as Alvaro, his American debut at the Lyric Opera of Chicago in 1955, and his Met debut the following year. His Covent Garden debut, again as Alvaro, was not until 1962. He became a regular performer at nearly all of the great opera houses, renowned not only for his singing, but for consistency. He kept his versatility throughout his career, alternating lyric and spinto roles and even some verismo roles.

Stage actor

He was never a great stage actor, nor did he have the matinee-idol looks of some of his contemporaries, but was an excellent vocal actor, singing each role with the colors he felt it demanded, rather than a ”one voice fits all” approach. During the 1980s he began to focus more on recitals and concert performances and also became a well-known teacher, concentrating on technique. He created a voice school in Busseto, and was instrumental in the ”Concorso internazionale di voci verdiane,” a competition for aspiring Verdi singers.

Recordings

He recorded all of his major Verdi roles. He often referred to his 1976 recording on Philips of 31 major arias from every Verdi opera, which won the Deutscher Schalplattenpries, Premio della critica discographica italiana, and the Stereo Review Record of the Year awards, as the recording of which he was proudest. His complete recording of Pagliacci on Deutsche Grammophon for von Karajan shows him thoroughly at home in the verismo style. On Sony, he made an exemplary recording of Italian songs.

På Svenska

Bergonzi inledde sin karriär som baryton och debuterade 1948 som Figaro i Barberaren i Sevilla. 1951 gjorde han sin andra debut,nu som tenor Andrea Chénier. Han blev snart en av de mest efterfrågade tenorerna inom den italienska repertoaren. Han uppträdde regelbundet på La Scala, från 1956 på Metropolitan och Wiener Staatsoper, från 1967 på Covent Garden. På många andra scener världen runt.1958-64 sjöng han varje sommar på arenan i Verona.

Metropolitan Opera

[Met Performance] CID:173130  
Aida {600}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/13/1956
Debut: Antonietta Stella, Carlo Bergonzi, Geoffrey Holder
Review
[Met Performance] CID:173160
Il Trovatore {287}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/16/1956
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176310
Aida {607}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/30/1957
Broadcast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176360
Tosca {374}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/5/1957
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176400
La Bohème {547}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/8/1957
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176470
Aida {608}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/14/1957
[Met Performance] CID:176520
Aida {609}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/20/1957
[Met Performance] CID:176620
Carmen {556}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/29/1957
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176670
Aida {610}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/3/1958
[Met Performance] CID:176720
La Forza del Destino {91}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/8/1958
Debut: William Wilderman
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176780
Carmen {557}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/14/1958
[Met Performance] CID:176840
Tosca {377}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/19/1958
[Met Performance] CID:176880
Aida {611}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/23/1958
[Met Performance] CID:176930
Carmen {558}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/27/1958
[Met Performance] CID:176960
Andrea Chénier {86}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/30/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177010
Aida {612}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/4/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:177040
La Bohème {552}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/7/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177100
Lucia di Lammermoor {291}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/13/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177120   Opera News
La Bohème {553}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1958
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:177170
Lucia di Lammermoor {292}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177210
Carmen {560}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/22/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177220
Aida {614}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177370
La Bohème {554}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/8/1958
Debut: Marcella Pobbe
[Met Performance] CID:177630
Madama Butterfly {361}
American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 04/1/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:177660
Madama Butterfly {362}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/3/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177700
Madama Butterfly {363}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/7/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177730
Madama Butterfly {364}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/10/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177780
Aida {615}
Metropolitan Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/15/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177830
Madama Butterfly {365}
Metropolitan Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/19/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177860
Madama Butterfly {366}
Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/22/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177880
Aida {616}
Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/24/1958
Debut: Louellen Sibley
[Met Performance] CID:177960
Aida {617}
Fox Theatre, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/1/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178070
Madama Butterfly {369}
Fair Park Auditorium, Dallas, Texas; 05/11/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178140
Madama Butterfly {370}
Northrop Memorial Auditorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 05/17/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178180
Aida {618}
Elliot Hall of Music, Lafayette, Indiana; 05/21/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178210
Madama Butterfly {371}
Civic Opera House, Chicago, Illinois; 05/24/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178260
Madama Butterfly {372}
Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, Canada; 05/27/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178290
Aida {619}
Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, Canada; 05/30/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178320
Madama Butterfly {373}
Forum Amphitheatre, Montreal Canada; 06/2/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178340
Aida {620}
Forum Amphitheatre, Montreal Canada; 6/4/1958
[Met Performance] CID:180750
Aida {622}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/8/1959
[Met Performance] CID:180880
La Bohème {563}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/20/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181040 
Metropolitan Opera Premiere
Macbeth {1}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/5/1959
Debuts: Leonie Rysanek, Harold Sternberg, Carl Ebert, Caspar Neher
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:181090
Macbeth {2}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/10/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181200  Opera News
Macbeth {3}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/21/1959
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:181240
Aida {625}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/25/1959
Review
[Met Performance] CID:181280
Macbeth {4}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/28/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181310
Aida {626}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/4/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181340
Macbeth {5}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/6/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181420
Manon Lescaut {92}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/13/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181470
Aida {627}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/17/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181600
La Forza del Destino: Convent Scene
Verdi Requiem Mass {32}

Metropolitan Opera House; 03/27/1959
Review
[Met Performance] CID:181630
La Forza del Destino: Convent Scene
Verdi Requiem Mass {33}

Metropolitan Opera House; 03/29/1959
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:181670
Gala Performance
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/2/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181730
Cavalleria Rusticana {400} Pagliacci {439}
Lyric Theatre, Baltimore, Maryland; 04/7/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181780  Opera News
Tosca {393}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/11/1959
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:181820
Carmen {575}
Metropolitan Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/15/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181900
Carmen {576}
Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/21/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181960
Madama Butterfly {385}
Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/26/1959
[Met Performance] CID:182000
Carmen {577}
Fox Theatre, Atlanta, Georgia; 04/30/1959
[Met Performance] CID:182030
Cavalleria Rusticana {403} Pagliacci {442}
Fox Theatre, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/2/1959
[Met Performance] CID:182060
Cavalleria Rusticana {404} Pagliacci {443}
Municipal Auditorium, Memphis, Tennessee; 05/6/1959
[Met Performance] CID:182090
Cavalleria Rusticana {405} Pagliacci {444}
Fair Park Auditorium, Dallas, Texas; 05/9/1959
[Met Performance] CID:182180
Cavalleria Rusticana {406} Pagliacci {445}
Northrup Memorial Auditorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 05/16/1959
[Met Performance] CID:182240
Cavalleria Rusticana {407} Pagliacci {446}
Masonic Temple, Detroit, Michigan; 05/22/1959
[Met Performance] CID:182300
Cavalleria Rusticana {408} Pagliacci {447}
Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, Canada; 05/27/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183000 
New production
Il Trovatore {302}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/26/1959
Opening Night {75}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
Debuts: Giulietta Simionato, Roald Reitan
Review
[Met Performance] CID:183070
Il Trovatore {303}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/3/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183090
Cavalleria Rusticana {410}
Pagliacci {449}

Metropolitan Opera House; 11/5/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183140
Il Trovatore {304}
American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 11/10/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183190
Il Trovatore {305}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/14/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183240
Il Trovatore {306}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/20/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183320
Cavalleria Rusticana {412}
Pagliacci {451}

Metropolitan Opera House; 11/27/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183380
Il Trovatore {307}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/3/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183430
Il Trovatore {308}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/7/1959
[Met Performance] CID:184170 
Aida {636}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/18/1960
Review
[Met Performance] CID:184230
Cavalleria Rusticana {418}
Pagliacci {457}

Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184260
Il Trovatore {309}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1960
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:184350
Andrea Chénier {87}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/5/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184380
Andrea Chénier {88}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/9/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184520
Tosca {405}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/22/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184570
Simon Boccanegra {31}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/25/1960
Debut: Maria Yauger
[Met Performance] CID:184610
Aida {638}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/29/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184660  Opera News
Simon Boccanegra {32}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/2/1960
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:184700
Il Trovatore {310}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/6/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184780
Simon Boccanegra {34}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/11/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184800
La Forza del Destino {99}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/13/1960
Debut: Aurelio Oppicelli
[Met Performance] CID:184850
Andrea Chénier {94}
Metropolitan Theatre. Boston, Massachusetts; 04/18/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184950
Il Trovatore {312}
Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/27/1960
[Met Performance] CID:185010
Andrea Chénier {96}
Fox Theatre, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/2/1960
[Met Performance] CID:185050
Il Trovatore {313}
Fox Theatre, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/6/1960
[Met Performance] CID:185100
Il Trovatore {314}
Municipal Auditorium, Memphis, Tennessee; 05/11/1960
[Met Performance] CID:185150
Il Trovatore {315}
Fair Park Auditorium, Dallas, Texas; 05/15/1960
[Met Performance] CID:185190
Il Trovatore {316}
University Auditorium, Bloomington, Indiana; 05/19/1960
[Met Performance] CID:185230
Il Trovatore {317}
Northrup Auditorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 05/22/1960
[Met Performance] CID:185280
Il Trovatore {318}
Northrup Auditorium, Detroit, Michigan; 05/27/1960
[Met Performance] CID:185300
Il Trovatore {319}
Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, Canada; 05/30/1960
[Met Performance] CID:186010
Manon Lescaut {94}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/25/1960
Debuts: Meredith Parsons, Patrick Tavernia
Review
[Met Performance] CID:186050
Madama Butterfly {405}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/29/1960
Debuts: Gabriella Tucci, Gloria Kapilow
Review
[Met Performance] CID:186060
Manon Lescaut {95}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/31/1960
[Met Performance] CID:186120
Aida {639}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/5/1960
Review
[Met Performance] CID:186160
Aida {640}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/9/1960
Review
[Met Performance] CID:186290
La Bohème {581}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/22/1960
[Met Performance] CID:186390
Manon Lescaut {97}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/2/1960
[Met Performance] CID:186470
Manon Lescaut {98}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/10/1960
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:186520
Madama Butterfly {410}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/15/1960
[Met Performance] CID:189960
New production
Un Ballo in Maschera {75}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/25/1962
Debuts: Judith Chazin, Nello Santi, Ita Maximowna
Review
[Met Performance] CID:190010
Un Ballo in Maschera {76}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/30/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190050 Opera News
Madama Butterfly {422}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/3/1962
Broadcast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:190060
La Bohème {604}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/3/1962
Review
[Met Performance] CID:190100
Un Ballo in Maschera {77}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/8/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190140
Un Ballo in Maschera {78}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/12/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190210
Lucia di Lammermoor {306}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/17/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190290
Macbeth {13}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1962
Review
[Met Performance] CID:190310
Un Ballo in Maschera {79}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1962
Debut: Claudia Parada
[Met Performance] CID:190350
Macbeth {14}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190400
Un Ballo in Maschera {80}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1962
Debut: Patricia Heyes
[Met Performance] CID:190410
Macbeth {15}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/8/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190480
La Bohème {607}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/13/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190490
Macbeth {16}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/14/1962
Review
[Met Performance] CID:190520 Opera News
Un Ballo in Maschera {81}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/17/1962
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:190550
La Forza del Destino {107}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/19/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190600 Opera News
Macbeth {17}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/24/1962
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:190630
La Forza del Destino {108}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/27/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190710
Macbeth {18}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/2/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190750
Un Ballo in Maschera {82}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/6/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190820
Aida {665}
Metropolitan Theater, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/13/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190870
Lucia di Lammermoor {309}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/17/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190920
Madama Butterfly {424}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/21/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190950
Aida {666}
Cleveland Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/25/1962
[Met Performance] CID:190980
Lucia di Lammermoor {310}
Cleveland Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/28/1962
[Met Performance] CID:191020
La Forza del Destino {111}
Fox Theater, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/1/1962
[Met Performance] CID:191080
Aida {667}
Municipal Auditorium, Memphis, Tennessee; 05/7/1962
[Met Performance] CID:191150
Aida {668}
Fair Park Auditorium, Dallas, Texas; 05/13/1962
[Met Performance] CID:191170
Tosca {424}
Kiel Auditorium, St. Louis, Missouri; 05/15/1962
[Met Performance] CID:191210
Tosca {425}
Northrup Auditorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 05/19/1962
[Met Performance] CID:191270
Aida {669}
Masonic Temple, Detroit, Michigan; 05/24/1962
[Met Performance] CID:191320
La Forza del Destino {115}
McCormick Center, Chicago, Illinois; 05/28/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192030
Aida {670}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/17/1962
Debut: Rita Gorr
[Met Performance] CID:192060
Aida {671}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/20/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192130
Cavalleria Rusticana {419} Pagliacci {458}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/27/1962
Debut: Raina Kabaivanska
Review
[Met Performance] CID:192140
Aida {673}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/29/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192180
Cavalleria Rusticana {420} Pagliacci {459}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/2/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192290
Cavalleria Rusticana {422} Pagliacci {461}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/13/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192370
Andrea Chénier {107}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/21/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192430
Ernani {35}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/26/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192490  Opera News 1 Opera News 2
Ernani {36}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/1/1962
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:192510
Andrea Chénier {108}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/4/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192550
Cavalleria Rusticana {423} Pagliacci {462}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/8/1962
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:192590
Cavalleria Rusticana {424} Pagliacci {463}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/12/1962
[Met Performance] CID:192620
Aida {677}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/15/1962
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:196000
New production
Aida {682}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/14/1963
Opening Night {79}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
Debut: Khemfoia Tol Padu , Jess Oliver, Katherine Dunham
Review
[Met Performance] CID:196050
Aida {683}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/19/1963
[Met Performance] CID:196070
Aida {684}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/22/1963
[Met Performance] CID:196110
La Bohème {612}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/26/1963
[Met Performance] CID:196170
Aida {685}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/1/1963
Debut: Naomi Marritt
[Met Performance] CID:196200
Aida {686}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/4/1963
[Met Performance] CID:196270
Aida {687}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/10/1963
[Met Performance] CID:196320
La Bohème {614}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/15/1963
[Met Performance] CID:196360
Aida {688}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/19/1963
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:196370
Martinelli Gala
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/20/1963
50th Anniversary of Giovanni Martinelli’s debut.
[Met Performance] CID:196410
Aida {689}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/26/1963
[Met Performance] CID:196480
La Bohème {616}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/3/1963
[Met Performance] CID:196520
Aida {690}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/7/1963
Broadcast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:197710
Parsifal: Act III, Scene 1 / Verdi Requiem Mass {34}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/27/1964
In memory of John F. Kennedy
Review
[Met Performance] CID:197720
Parsifal: Act III, Scene 1 / Verdi Requiem Mass {35}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/28/1964
In Memory of John F. Kennedy
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:198080
Macbeth {24}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/28/1964
[Met Performance] CID:198210
Aida {702}
Metropolitan Opera House; 05/7/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200020
Rigoletto {428}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/14/1964
Debut: Nedda Casei
Review
[Met Performance] CID:200130
Rigoletto {430}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/26/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200440
La Forza del Destino {116}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/26/1964
Review
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:200480 
Gala Performance
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/29/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200610
Rigoletto {433}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/12/1964
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:200650
La Forza del Destino {117}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/16/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200700
La Forza del Destino {118}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/21/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200840
Lucia di Lammermoor {332}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/4/1965
[Met Performance] CID:205340
Un Ballo in Maschera {92}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/7/1966
Debut: Francesco Molinari-Pradelli
Review
[Met Performance] CID:205380
Andrea Chénier {114}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/10/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205430
Andrea Chénier {115}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205480
Un Ballo in Maschera {93}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205550  Opera News 1 Opera News 2
Un Ballo in Maschera {94}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/26/1966
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:205590
Un Ballo in Maschera {95}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/1/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205630  Opera News
L’Elisir d’Amore {104}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/5/1966
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:205650
Andrea Chénier {116}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205730
Andrea Chénier {117}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/14/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:205820
L’Elisir d’Amore {105}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/21/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205860
Un Ballo in Maschera {96}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/25/1966
Debut: Robert Davis
[Met Performance] CID:209360
Aida {740}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/6/1967
Review
[Met Performance] CID:209390
Lucia di Lammermoor {362}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/9/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209440
La Bohème {665}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/14/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209470
Lucia di Lammermoor {364}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/17/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209520
Aida {741}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/21/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209560  Opera News
Aida {742}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/25/1967
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:209610
Aida {743}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1967
[Met Performance] CID:213630
La Gioconda {228}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1968
Review
[Met Performance] CID:213660
Aida {756}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/28/1968
Debut: Andra Corvino
[Met Performance] CID:213690 Opera News
La Gioconda {229}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1968
Broadcast
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:213860
Gala Performance
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/16/1968
[Met Performance] CID:213900
Un Ballo in Maschera {106}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/21/1968
[Met Performance] CID:213960
Un Ballo in Maschera {107}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/27/1968
[Met Performance] CID:214010
Un Ballo in Maschera {108}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/30/1968
[Met Performance] CID:216660
Rigoletto {467}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/20/1968
Review
[Met Performance] CID:216720
Rigoletto {468}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/26/1968
[Met Performance] CID:216840 Opera News
Rigoletto {469}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/7/1968
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:216880
Rigoletto {470}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/11/1968
[Met Performance] CID:220640  
New Production
Norma {64}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/3/1970
Debuts: Marilyn Horne, Desmond Heeley
Review
[Met Performance] CID:220670
Norma {65}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/6/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220710
Norma {66}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/10/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220760
Norma {67}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/14/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220800
Aida {769}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/18/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220830
La Traviata {551}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/21/1970
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:220890
La Traviata {553}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/26/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220950
Aida {770}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/31/1970
[Met Performance] CID:221000  Opera News
Norma {71}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/4/1970
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:221150
Andrea Chénier {121}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/16/1970
[Met Performance] CID:221190
La Bohème {705}
Hynes Civic Auditorium, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/20/1970
[Met Performance] CID:221630
La Traviata {564}
Metropolitan Opera House; 06/3/1970
[Met Performance] CID:221680
Aida {771}
Metropolitan Opera House; 06/8/1970
[Met Performance] CID:221710
Aida {772}
Metropolitan Opera House; 06/11/1970
[Met Performance] CID:221760
La Traviata {565}
Metropolitan Opera House; 06/16/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223000  
Ernani {44}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/14/1970
Opening Night {86}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
Debut: Ruggero Raimondi
Review
[Met Performance] CID:223050
Ernani {45}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/19/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223100
Ernani {46}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/24/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223140
Norma {84}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/28/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223190
Norma {85}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/3/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223250
Andrea Chénier {127}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/9/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223300
Andrea Chénier {128}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/14/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223340
Norma {87}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/17/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223350
Andrea Chénier {129}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/19/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223390
Un Ballo in Maschera {116}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/23/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223430
La Traviata {571}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/27/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223480
La Traviata {572}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/31/1970
Robert Merrill’s 25th Anniversary
Review
[Met Performance] CID:223510
Un Ballo in Maschera {118}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/4/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223540
Andrea Chénier {131}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/7/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223600
Andrea Chénier {132}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/13/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223650
Un Ballo in Maschera {119}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/18/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223700
Tosca {536}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/23/1970
Debut: Gerard Harrington
[Met Performance] CID:223840
Un Ballo in Maschera {122}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/7/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223890 Opera News
Tosca {537}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/12/1970
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:227040
Cavalleria Rusticana {472} Pagliacci {512}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/24/1971
Debuts: Christopher Keene, Frank Coffey
[Met Performance] CID:227070
Cavalleria Rusticana {473} Pagliacci {513}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/27/1971
[Met Performance] CID:227110
Cavalleria Rusticana {474} Pagliacci {514}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/1/1971
[Met Performance] CID:228330
La Forza del Destino {149}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228400
L’Elisir d’Amore {120}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/5/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228420
L’Elisir d’Amore {121}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/8/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228460  Opera News 1 Opera News 2
La Forza del Destino {151}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/12/1972
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:228500
L’Elisir d’Amore {122}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/16/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228530  Opera News
L’Elisir d’Amore {123}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/1972
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:240370
Tosca {580}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/1975
Review
[Met Performance] CID:240410
Tosca {581}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/1/1975
[Met Performance] CID:240440
Tosca {582}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/5/1975
[Met Performance] CID:240470
Tosca {583}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/8/1975
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:247030
Aida {845}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/12/1976
Debut: Elena Obraztsova
[Met Performance] CID:247070
Aida {846}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/16/1976
[Met Performance] CID:247130
Aida {847}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/22/1976
Review
[Met Performance] CID:247160
Aida {848}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/25/1976
[Met Performance] CID:247200
Aida {849}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/29/1976
[Met Performance] CID:248870
Andrea Chénier {142}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/7/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249000
La Bohème {797}
Boston, Massachusetts; 04/19/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249050
Il Trovatore {435}
Boston, Massachusetts; 04/23/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249070
La Bohème {798}
Cleveland Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/26/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249120
Il Trovatore {436}
Cleveland Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/30/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249140
La Bohème {799}
Atlanta Civic Center, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/3/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249190
Il Trovatore {437}
Atlanta Civic Center, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/7/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249330
Il Trovatore {439}
Minneapolis, Minnesota; 05/21/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249400
Il Trovatore {440}
Detroit, Michigan; 05/28/1977
[Met Performance] CID:249401
Il Trovatore {441}
Vienna, Virginia, (Wolf Trap Farm Park); 6/6/1977
Debut: John Cheek
[Met Performance] CID:249407
Il Trovatore {442}
Vienna, Virginia, (Wolf Trap Farm Park); 6/11/1977
[Met Performance] CID:255240
La Traviata {652}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/11/1978
Review
[Met Performance] CID:255320
La Traviata {653}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/19/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255360
La Traviata {654}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/23/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255400
La Traviata {655}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/27/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255450
La Traviata {656}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/1/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255530
Aida {857}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/9/1978
Review
[Met Performance] CID:255580
Aida {858}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/14/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255610
Aida {859}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/17/1978
Debut: Kimberly Graves
Review
[Met Performance] CID:256430
Tosca {633}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/7/1979
[Met Performance] CID:256470
Tosca {634}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/10/1979
[Met Performance] CID:256530
Tosca {635}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259020
Cavalleria Rusticana {531} Pagliacci {571}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/26/1979
Debuts: Juan Lloveras, Philip Creech
[Met Performance] CID:259060
Cavalleria Rusticana {532} Pagliacci {572}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/29/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259100
Cavalleria Rusticana {533} Pagliacci {573}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/4/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259170
Cavalleria Rusticana {534} Pagliacci {574}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/11/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259210
Cavalleria Rusticana {535} Pagliacci {575}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/15/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259250
Cavalleria Rusticana {536} Pagliacci {576}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/19/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259310
Cavalleria Rusticana {537} Pagliacci {577}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/25/1979
Debut: Brent Ellis
[Met Performance] CID:259380
Cavalleria Rusticana {538} Pagliacci {578}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/31/1979
Review
[Met Performance] CID:259420
Cavalleria Rusticana {539} Pagliacci {579}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/3/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259450
Cavalleria Rusticana {540} Pagliacci {580}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/6/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259490
Cavalleria Rusticana {541} Pagliacci {581}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/10/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259700
La Gioconda {247}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/29/1979
Debuts: Bruna Baglioni, Jocelyne Taillon, James Courtney, Terry Emanuel
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:259740
La Gioconda {248}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/3/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259780
La Gioconda {249}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/7/1979
[Met Performance] CID:259830
La Gioconda {250}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/12/1979
Debut: Ferdinand Radovan
[Met Performance] CID:259870
La Gioconda {251}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/15/1979
[Met Performance] CID:260510
Cavalleria Rusticana {542} Pagliacci {582}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1980
[Met Performance] CID:260560
Cavalleria Rusticana {543} Pagliacci {583}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/1980
[Met Performance] CID:260590
Cavalleria Rusticana {544} Pagliacci {584}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/23/1980
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:263350
Un Ballo in Maschera {171}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/19/1981
Review
[Met Performance] CID:263390
Un Ballo in Maschera {172}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/23/1981
Review
[Met Performance] CID:263440
Un Ballo in Maschera {173}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/1981
[Met Performance] CID:263550
Un Ballo in Maschera {176}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/7/1981
[Met Performance] CID:263570
Un Ballo in Maschera {177}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/10/1981
Review
[Met Performance] CID:263610
Un Ballo in Maschera {178}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/14/1981
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:263660
Un Ballo in Maschera {179}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/1981
[Met Performance] CID:263740
Un Ballo in Maschera {181}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1981
[Met Performance] CID:263800
Un Ballo in Maschera {182}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/5/1981
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:266820
Bergonzi Gala
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/4/1981
Carlo Bergonzi’s 25th Anniversary
Review
[Met Performance] CID:270210
La Forza del Destino {188}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/11/1982
[Met Performance] CID:270290
La Forza del Destino {189}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/16/1982
[Met Performance] CID:270330
Un Ballo in Maschera {183}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/21/1982
Debut: Vernon Hartman
[Met Performance] CID:270380
Un Ballo in Maschera {184}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/26/1982
Debut: Giorgio Zancanaro
[Met Performance] CID:271630
Un Ballo in Maschera {191}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/16/1983
[Met Performance] CID:350810 Opera News
Un Ballo in Maschera {192}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/1983
Broadcast
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:274270
Centennial Gala II
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/22/1983
100th Anniversary of the Metropolitan Opera
Broadcast / Telecast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:290030
L’Elisir d’Amore {153}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/24/1987
Debuts: Sona Ghazarian, Ralf Weikert
Review
[Met Performance] CID:290070
L’Elisir d’Amore {154}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/28/1987
[Met Performance] CID:290110
L’Elisir d’Amore {155}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/2/1987
[Met Performance] CID:290170
L’Elisir d’Amore {156}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/8/1987
[Met Performance] CID:291230
Luisa Miller {50}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/20/1988
Debut: Silvia Mosca, Meredith Derr
[Met Performance] CID:291270
Luisa Miller {51}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/23/1988
[Met Performance] CID:291320
Luisa Miller {52}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/1988
[Met Performance] CID:294390
Lucia di Lammermoor {464}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/3/1988
[Met Performance] CID:294440
Lucia di Lammermoor {465}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/8/1988
[Met Performance] CID:294480
Lucia di Lammermoor {466}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/12/1988
[Met Performance] CID:318080
Tosca {771}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/5/1994
Debut: David Evitts
Review
[Met Performance] CID:323860
New Production
Andrea Chénier {152}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/6/1996
Debuts: Michael Chioldi, Larissa Diadkova, Nicolas Joël, Hubert Monloup
Review
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:324090
James Levine Gala
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/27/1996
James Levine’s 25th Anniversary
Broadcast / Telecast
[Met Performance] CID:355520 
Macbeth {99}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/24/2014
Broadcast

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