Dnipropetrovsk stad i Ukraina med operahus
Dnipropetrovsk är en viktig industristad i Ukraina med cirka 1 miljon invånare, vilket gör den till landets fjärde största stad. Den är belägen i Dnipropetrovsk oblast, sydost om huvudstaden Kiev vid Dnepr och är därigenom en viktig inlandshamn.
The Russian city of Ekaterinoslav, known by this name until 1925, was formally inaugurated by the Russian Empress Catherine the Great in 1787 as the administrative centre of the newly acquired vast territories of New Russia, including those ceded to Russia by the Ottoman Empire under the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (1774). The city was originally envisioned as the Russian Empire’s 3rd capital city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg. A vital industrial centre of Soviet Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk was one of the key centres of the nuclear, arms, and space industries of the Soviet Union. In particular, it is home to the Yuzhmash, a major space and ballistic missile design bureau and manufacturer. Because of its military industry, Dnipropetrovsk was a closed city until the 1990s. Its name is in honor of Grigory Petrovsky (in combination with the river passing through).
Dnipropetrovsk is a powerhouse of Ukraine’s business and politics as the native city for many of the country’s most important figures. Ukraine’s politics are still defined by the legacies of Leonid Kuchma, Pavlo Lazarenko and Yuliya Tymoshenko whose intermingled careers started in Dnipropetrovsk.