Gelsenkirchen

gelsenkirchenmusiktheater
Musiktheater Im Revier

Gelsenkirchen

Gelsenkirchen är en stad i norra delen av Ruhrområdet i den tyska delstaten Nordrhein-Westfalen. Staden hade 264 765 invånare i slutet av 2007.3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gelsenkirchen  is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the Ruhr area. Its population in 2012 was c. 257,600.

The city was first documented in 1150, but it remained a tiny village until the 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of the entire area. In 1840, when the mining of coal began, 6,000 inhabitants lived in G;; in 1900 the population had increased to 138,000.

In the early 20th century G; was the most important coal mining town in Europe. It was called the “city of a thousand fires”, for the flames of mine gasses flaring at night. In 1928 G; was merged with the adjoining cities of Buer and Horst (de). The city bore the name Gelsenkirchen-Buer, until it was renamed Gelsenkirchen in 1930. During the Nazi era the city remained a centre of coal production and oil refining, and for this reason it was bombed by Allied air raids in World War II. During the war, it was the site of a women’s subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp.  There are no longer colliers in G; with the city searching for a new image, having been hit for decades with one of the highest unemployment rates in Germany. Today Germany’s largest solar power plant is located in the city. In Gelsenkirchen-Scholven there is a coal-fired power station with the tallest chimneys in Germany (302 m). G; is home of the famous football club Schalke 04, which is named after the borough Schalke, while the club’s stadium, the Veltins-Arena, is located in the borough of Erle.

Gelsenkirchen

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Opera i Gelsenkirchen

Gelsenkirchen Stadttheater öppnade  1935 och hade 1941-44 en fast operaensemble. Efter kriget hölls föreställningar i olika lokaler runt om i staden, tills det nya huset (1144 platser) öppnades 1959. 1965 inleddes ett samarbete med Bochum såtillvida att föreställningarna från Musiktheater im Revier, som det nu heter, visades i de båda städerna. Flera kända sångare har inlett sin internationella karriär i Gelsenkirchen bl. a. Marylin Horne, Manfred Schenk och Ursula Schröder-Feinen. Göran Järvefelt regisserade här flera uppmärksammade föreställningar.

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