Georges Prêtre dirigent 1924-2017

Georges Prêtre dirigent 1924-2017 Georges Prêtre – dirigent

Georges Prêtre efter musikstudier vid konservatoriet i Douai och sin utbildning till dirigent hos André Cluytens vid Pariskonservatoriet debuterade han 1946 som 22-åring vid operan i Marseille. Han har därefter dirigerat vid operahusen i Lille och Toulouse, samt vid Opéra-Comique i Paris och vid Lyric Opera Of Chicago.

Georges Prêtre dirigent 1924-2017

Georges Prêtre, född 14 augusti 1924 i Waziers, är en fransk dirigent. På 1960-talet debuterade han på Covent Garden i London , Metropolitan-operan i New York samt på La Scala i Milano. Han har arbetat med Maria Callas vid ett flertal tillfällen, och spelat in Carmen och Tosca tillsammans med henne.

Förutom opera är Georges Prêtre främst känd för framföranden av franska verk som Debussys La Mer och Ravels Daphnis et Chloé. Han är även starkt förknippad med Francis Poulenc och dirigerade premiären av dennes opera La voix humaine på Opéra-Comique 1959 och hans Sept répons des ténèbres 1963.

Som 83-åring dirigerade Georges Prêtre nyårskonserten i Wien år 2008 och därefter ytterligare en gång 2010. Han är den förste franske dirigenten i den rollen.

In English

Georges Prêtre (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɔʁʒ pʁɛːtʁ]; 14 August 1924 – 4 January 2017) was a French orchestral and opera conductor.

Biography

Georges Prêtre was born in Waziers (Nord), and attended the Douai Conservatory and then studied harmony under Maurice Duruflé and conducting under André Cluytens among others at the Conservatoire de Paris. Amongst his early musical interests were jazz and trumpet. After graduating, he conducted in a number of small French opera houses sometimes under the pseudonym Georges Dherain.

Georges Pretre conducting debut was at the Opéra de Marseille in 1946.   He also conducted at the opera houses in Lille and Toulouse. His Paris debut was at the Opéra-Comique in Richard Strauss’s Capriccio. He was director of the Opéra-Comique 1955–1959. He conducted at the Lyric Opera of Chicago 1959–1971. He was conductor, 1959, and music director 1970–1971, at the Paris Opéra. He was principal conductor of the Vienna Symphony 1986–1991.
His Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, debut came in 1965, with first appearances at the Metropolitan Opera, New York City,  and La Scala, Milan, also coming in the same decade. He worked with Maria Callas on a number of occasions, and made recordings of Carmen and Tosca with her.

Aside from opera, Georges Prêtre was best known for performances of French music, having conducted long and difficult works like Debussy’s La mer and Ravel’s Daphnis et Chloé without a score (i.e. from memory). He is especially associated with Francis Poulenc, giving the premiere of his opera La voix humaine at the Opéra-Comique in 1959 and the first performance in France of his Sept répons des ténèbres in 1963. In 1999 he gave a series of concerts in Paris to celebrate the centenary of Poulenc’s birth.

In 1988 Marcel Landowski dedicated his Fourth Symphony to Prêtre. To many music lovers, however, Prêtre’s name will forever be associated with the 1959 world premiere of Joseph Jongen’s Symphonie Concertante for Organ and Orchestra, Op. 81, with Virgil Fox and the Paris Opera Orchestra. Eclectic musician, he also conducted in Vienna, in 1962, L’Opéra d’Aran by Gilbert Bécaud.

Georges Pretre conducted the La Scala Orchestra in Franco Zeffirelli’s 1982 film versions of Mascagni’s Cavalleria rusticana and Leoncavallo’s Pagliacci.  Both films starred Plácido Domingo. In 2009, at the age of 85, he returned to these two Italian operas in the Roman amphitheater at Orange, for televised performances starring Roberto Alagna.

Georges Prêtre conducted the Vienna New Year’s Concert twice, in 2008 and in 2010,   the only French conductor to have been appointed for this role.

Georges Prêtre married Gina Marny in 1950, and they had two children (one son, one daughter). Interests included riding, swimming, aviation, judo, and karate.

Georges Prêtre died in France on 4 January 2017, aged 92. He had a home in Navès (Tarn), near Castres.

Metropolitan Opera

[Met Performance] CID:200050
New production
Samson et Dalila {108}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/17/1964
Debuts: Gabriel Bacquier, Robert Goodloe, Georges Prêtre
Review
[Met Performance] CID:200090
Samson et Dalila {109}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/22/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200150
Samson et Dalila {110}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/28/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200210
Samson et Dalila {111}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/3/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200270
Samson et Dalila {112}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/9/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200500
Samson et Dalila {113}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/1/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200660
Samson et Dalila {114}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/17/1964
[Met Performance] CID:200750 Opera News
Samson et Dalila {115}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/26/1964
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:201590
Samson et Dalila {116}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/17/1965
Debut: Elena Cernei
Review
[Met Performance] CID:204000
New production
Faust {583}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/27/1965
Opening Night {81}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
Debuts: Jean-Louis Barrault, Jacques Dupont, Flemming Flindt
Review
[Met Performance] CID:204040
Arabella {17}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/1/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204050
Faust {584}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/2/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204080
Faust {585}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/6/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204120
Arabella {18}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/9/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204140
Faust {586}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/12/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204160
Arabella {19}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/14/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204210
Arabella {20}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/19/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204220
Il Trovatore {346}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/20/1965
Review
[Met Performance] CID:204250
Faust {587}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/23/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204280
Il Trovatore {347}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/26/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204340
Faust {588}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/1/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204400
Il Trovatore {348}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/6/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204410
Faust {589}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/8/1965
Debut: Nicolai Ghiaurov
Review
[Met Performance] CID:204470
Il Trovatore {349}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/15/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204510
Faust {590}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/19/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204550
Arabella {21}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/23/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204570
Il Trovatore {350}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/25/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204600
Faust {591}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/27/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204640
Faust {592}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/2/1965
Review
[Met Performance] CID:204660
Il Trovatore {351}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/4/1965
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:204680
Samson et Dalila {123}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/6/1965
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:204700
Arabella {22}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/8/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204710
Faust {593}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/9/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204770
Samson et Dalila {124}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/15/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204800
Arabella {23}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/18/1965
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:204820
Il Trovatore {352}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/19/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204830
Samson et Dalila {125}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/20/1965
[Met Performance] CID:204850  
Faust {594}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/22/1965
Debuts: Montserrat Caballé, Sherrill Milnes
Review
[Met Performance] CID:205680
Parsifal {209}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/10/1966
Debut: Lilian Sukis
Review
[Met Performance] CID:205750
Parsifal {210}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/16/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205960 Opera News
Parsifal {211}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/2/1966
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:206040
Parsifal {212}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/8/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206060
Faust {595}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/9/1966
Broadcast
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:206150
Gala Farewell
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/16/1966
Last performance by the Metropolitan Opera in the opera house at Broadway and 39th Street.
[Met Performance] CID:206160
Il Trovatore {355}
War Memorial Auditorium, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/18/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206190
Faust {596}
War Memorial Auditorium, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/21/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206240
Faust {597}
Cleveland Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/25/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206300
Il Trovatore {356}
Cleveland Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/30/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206310
Faust {598}
Fox Theater, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/2/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206370
Il Trovatore {357}
Fox Theater, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/7/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206380
Faust {599}
Ellis Auditorium, Memphis, Tennessee; 05/9/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206410
Faust {600}
State Fair Music Hall, Dallas, Texas; 05/12/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206440
Il Trovatore {358}
State Fair Music Hall, Dallas, Texas; 05/14/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206460
Faust {601}
Kiel Opera House, St. Louis, Missouri; 05/16/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206470
Il Trovatore {359}
Kiel Opera House, St. Louis, Missouri; 05/17/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206490
Faust {602}
Northrup Auditorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 05/19/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206500
Il Trovatore {360}
Northrup Auditorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 05/20/1966
[Met Performance] CID:206540
Faust {603}
Masonic Temple, Detroit, Michigan; 05/23/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:206570
Il Trovatore {361}
Masonic Temple, Detroit, Michigan; 05/26/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208020
New production
La Traviata {498}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/24/1966
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:208050
La Traviata {499}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/28/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208060
La Traviata {500}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/1/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208090
La Traviata {501}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/4/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208130
La Traviata {502}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/8/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208170
La Traviata {503}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/12/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208250
Faust {604}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/20/1966
Debut: Tania Karina
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208260
La Traviata {504}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/21/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208290
La Traviata {505}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/24/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208310
Faust {605}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/26/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208320
La Traviata {506}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/27/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208340
Faust {606}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/29/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208360
La Traviata {507}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/31/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208400
Faust {607}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/4/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208440
Faust {608}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/8/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208490 
La Traviata {508}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/12/1966
Debut: Virginia Zeani
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208510
Faust {609}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/15/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208540
La Traviata {509}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/18/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208560
Tristan und Isolde {387}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/19/1966
Debut: Ticho Parly
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208590
La Traviata {510}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/22/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208620
Tristan und Isolde {388}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/25/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208650
Faust {610}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/28/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208670
Tristan und Isolde {389}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/30/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208710
Faust {611}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/3/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208740
Tristan und Isolde {390}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/7/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208830
Tristan und Isolde {391}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/15/1966
Debut: Edmond Hurshell
[Met Performance] CID:208920 Opera News
Faust {612}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/24/1966
Broadcast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:209050
Tristan und Isolde {392}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/6/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209090
Tristan und Isolde {393}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/10/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209150
Tristan und Isolde {394}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/16/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209250
Tristan und Isolde {395}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/26/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209870 Opera News
La Traviata {511}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/25/1967
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:210030
La Traviata {513}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/6/1967
[Met Performance] CID:210090
La Traviata {514}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/12/1967
[Met Performance] CID:210130
La Traviata {515}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/15/1967
[Met Performance] CID:247600
Faust {665}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/6/1976
Debut: Stuart Sebastian
Review
[Met Performance] CID:247640
Faust {666}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/10/1976
[Met Performance] CID:247670
Faust {667}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/13/1976
[Met Performance] CID:247760
Faust {668}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/22/1976
[Met Performance] CID:247840
Faust {669}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/30/1976
Review
[Met Performance] CID:247870
Faust {670}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/1/1977
[Met Performance] CID:247930 Opera News
Faust {671}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/8/1977
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:247950
Faust {672}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/10/1977
[Met Performance] CID:247980
Faust {673}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/13/1977

Awards

  • Commander of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (1982)
  • Grand Officier of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (1991)
  • Europa Prize (1982)
  • Honorary Conductor of the Vienna Symphony (Austria, 1991)
  • Victoire de la Musique Award (for best conductor, 1997)
  • Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class (2004)
  • Grand Officer of the Légion d’honneur (France, 2009)

 På svenska

Prêtre var elev bl.a. till Cluytens och debuterade 1947 som operadirigent med Lalos Le roi d´Ys i Marseille.Efter att ha arbetat på flera mindre franska scener kom han 1955 till Opéra Comique i Paris där han 1959 dirigerade uruppförandet av Poulencs Vox Humana. Därefter har han gästat de stora operascenerna i Europa och USA.

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