Giustino synopsis 1737

Giustino synopsis 1737

Giustino i operan spelas den viktigaste huvudrollen av kören, som här är ett samlingsbegrepp för olika grupper. Av operans 42 sångnummer är 12 kör- respektive instrumentalsatser. Detta avslöjar det franska inflytandet (stora tonmålningstablåer från Lullys och Rameaus tragédie lyrique-verk).Man kan redan spåra Händels övergång till oratoriet. Från och med 1733 föredrog Händel efter hand alltmer oratorieformen som genre och blev mycket framgångsrik inom den.

Giustino synopsis 1737

Akt I

Anastasio har just krönts till kejsare av Konstantinopel av den föregående kejsarens änka Arianna, men Mindre Asiens härskare Viteliano ämnar erövra Konstantinopel om han inte får Arianna till älskarinna. Bonden Giustino drömmer om att bli krigshjälte, och då han räddar kejsarens syster Leocasta från en björn tar hon honom som belöning med tillbaka till kejsarhovet där han kommer i kejsarens tjänst. Anastasio drar i fält med Arianna och general Amanzio, som själv strävar efter kejsarkronan, men Anastasio blir besegrad och Arianna tillfångatas av Viteliano.

Akt II

Anastasio flyr med Giustino på en båt som strandar under en storm. Till samma plats kommer Vitelianos fältherre Polidarte med Arianna, som enligt Vitelianos order skall fjättras vid en klippa och dödas av ett monster, men Giustino slår ihäl odjuret och räddar kejsarinnan. Amanzio kommer och letar efter henne och kejsaren, och alla kan fara ifrån platsen ombord på hans båt. Giustino lyckas tillfångata Viteliano men Amanzio intalar kejsaren att han inte kan lita på Giustino, och Amanzio får order att hålla honom under uppsikt. Amanzio skänker kejsaren ett juvelbesatt bälte.

Akt III

Kejsaren ger bältet vidare till Arianna, men då hon vill skänka det till Giustino som tack för att han räddat hennes liv beskyller Amanzio Giustino för att ha vanhelgat en gåva från kejsaren. Giustino döms till döden och Arianna faller i onåd. Kejsarens syster Leocasta, som är förälskad i Giustino, hjälper honom dock att fly.

Då han utmattad har fallit i sömn hittar Viteliano honom och skall just döda honom men får i samma ögonblick en uppenbarelse om att Giustino i själva verket är hans bror. Under tiden har Amanzio låtit utropa sig till kejsare, men Giustino och Viteliano driver honom med förenade krafter på flykten. Giustino utropas till kejsare jämsides med Anastasio och får Leocasta vid sin sida.

IN ENGLISH

Act 1 

In Constantinople, widowed Empress Arianna is celebrating her marriage to her new husband Anastasio when they receive news that they are threatened by a rebellion. Vitaliano has raised an army and is demanding that Arianna marry him instead and place him on the throne by her side. Anastasio sends a defiant message and sets off to fight the rebel. Arianna determines to follow her husband.

In a rural setting, the ploughboy Giustino is working his fields when he falls asleep and has a vision of great fortune awaiting him. He wakes to see a maiden being chased by a wild bear and rescues her. The maiden turns out to be Princess Leocasta, sister of Anastasio, and, much smitten by her rescuer Giustino, she invites him to the palace where he is acclaimed as a hero and sent to help Empress Arianna and her new husband against the rebel Vitaliano.

Arianna has been taken prisoner by the rebels and is brought to Vitaliano, who demands that she marry him. When she refuses, Vitaliano condemns her to be thrown to the sea monster who has been ravaging the country. Arianna laments her fate but swears she will remain faithful to Anastasio.

Act 2 

Andromeda

Giustino and Anastasio have joined forces to try to rescue Arianna, but the ship carrying them on this mission is wrecked in a storm. They crawl to the shore and take refuge in a nearby hut.

Meanwhile, Vitaliano gives the captive Arianna one last chance to accept his hand and save her life, but she refuses. He therefore chains her to a rock by the sea to be devoured by the sea monster and leaves her to her fate. As the monster rises from the sea, Giustino rushes in and slays it. Arianna and Anastasio are delighted to be reunited and are led to safety. Vitaliano, now regretting condemning Arianna to such a cruel death, returns but finds only the dead sea monster. He decides to seek Arianna.

Leocasta, awaiting the others in the palace garden, expresses her love for Giustino. He himself appears, dragging in Vitaliano, whom he has captured. Arianna and Anastasio express their gratitude to Giustino and send him back into battle to defeat the rebels. General of their armies Amanzio grows jealous of the upstart Giustino and the glory he is winning for himself. Vitaliano begs Arianna for one kind look before he dies, but Arianna repulses him and orders him to prison to await his execution.

Act 3 

Vitaliano manages to escape from prison. General Amanzio takes a sash covered in jewels that belonged to Vitaliano and gives it to Anastasio, suggesting to him that his wife is betraying him with Giustino. Anastasio gives the sash to Arianna, who bestows it on Giustino in gratitude for saving her life. When Anastasio hears of this, both Arianna and Giustino are banished.

Wandering in the countryside, Giustino bemoans his betrayal by fortune and falls asleep. Vitaliano chances to find him and is about to murder him in his sleep when a nearby mountain splits in two and the voice of his dead father warns Vitaliano that Giustino is in fact his long lost brother, a fact which is confirmed by a birthmark in the shape of a star on Giustino’s arm. Giustino and Vitaliano now swear friendship and form a pact to save the kingdom from wicked General Amanzio.

Back at the palace, Amanzio has defeated Anastasio and placed himself on the throne. Anastasio, Arianna and Princess Leocasta are in chains but Giustino rushes in, defeats Amanzio and sends him off to be executed. Anastasio is restored to the throne with his wife, begging her pardon for having doubted her fidelity, and Giustino pleads for the now repentant Vitaliano to be forgiven. Anastasio grants this request and gives Giustino the hand of his sister Leocasta in marriage. All celebrate such a happy turn of events

UPPHOVSPERSONER

Musik: Georg Friedrich Händel. Text: N. Beregani i okänd bearbetning

Premiär

Uruppförande: London, Covent Garden 16 februari 1737

Roller och rösttyper

Roll Rösttyp
Amanzio alt
Anastasio sopran
Arianna sopran
Giustino alt
La Fortuna sopran
Leocasta alt
Polidarte bas
Vitalino tenor

Libretto

Mer att läsa