Hessisches Staatstheater Wiesbaden
Hessische Staatstheater (1041 platser) öppnades 1894 och hade under mellankrigstiden en rad kända kompositörer som gästdirigenter: d´Albert, Pfitzner, Korngold och Richard Strauss. Dessutom var Otto Klemperer fast dirigent 1924-27.
Huset blev endast lätt skadat under andra världskriget men genomgick en grundlig restaurering 1975-78.
De internationella festspelen i maj som ägde rum för första gången 1896, bygger mestadels på gästspel av utländska ensembler, bl a Wiener Staatsoper och Covent Garden i London.
The Hessisches Staatstheater Wiesbaden is the State Theatre of the German state Hesse in the capital Wiesbaden, producing operas, plays, ballets, musicals andconcerts on four stages. It is also known as Staatstheater Wiesbaden or Theater Wiesbaden, its orchestra as the Hessisches Staatsorchester. The building was inaugurated in 1894.
The theatre is the host for the annual festival Internationale Maifestspiele Wiesbaden, established in 1896 after the Bayreuth Festival.
The building of the theatre was initiated and substantially supported by the German emperor William I who regularly visited the spa in Wiesbaden. A competition was won by a team of architects from Vienna, Ferdinand Fellner and Hermann Helmer. They erected the building from 1892 to 1894 in Baroque Revival style, following models inPrague and Zurich. The inauguration was on 16 October 1894 in the presence of the emperor. The Foyer was built in 1902 by architect Felix Genzmer. It serves three stages.
After World War I the theatre was renamed “Preußisches Staatstheater” (Prussian State Theatre). Since 1932 the city of Wiesbaden was responsible for the theatre, therefore it was renamed “Nassauisches Landestheater” (Theater of the Province Nassau).
The building was seriously damaged in World War II by a bomb on 3 February 1945. The front was restored in a simplified way and the ceiling of the hall was decorated with a contemporary painting.
In 1946 the State of Hesse took over the operation of the theatre. In 1947 it was used again and called “Großhessisches Staatstheater” (State Theater of Great Hesse), later “Hessisches Staatstheater Wiesbaden”.
From 1975 to 1978 the auditorium was restored according to the historic model. The technical equipment was modernized. A new tract was built, designed by Hardt-Waltherr Hämer, for rehearsal rooms, workshops and administration.
The theatre has four stages, three of them in the historic house:
- Großes Haus (Great House) with 1,041 seats.
- Kleines Haus (Small House) with 328 seats.
- Studio with 89 seats.
- Wartburg, from 2003, is an additional small separate stage.
The staff consist of about 600 people. Annually more than 25 new operas, plays and ballets have been produced.
The theatre is especially dedicated to a young audience, collaborating with schools for “Schultheatertage”. A professional ensemble, “Junges Staatstheater” (Young State Theater) is dedicated to children’s and youth theater.
In addition to the annual Internationale Maifestspiele in May, since 2004 a biennial festival “Neue Stücke aus Europa” (New European Plays) is organized in collaboration with the Staatstheater Mainz, presenting in ten days new plays in the original language with simultaneous translation.