Jesi stad i Italien med operahus
Jesi är en kommun i provinsen Ancona, i regionen Marche i Italien. Staden har 40.502 invånare och gränsar till kommunerna Agugliano, Camerata Picena, Castelbellino, Chiaravalle, Cingoli, Filottrano, …
It is an important industrial and artistic center in the floodplain on the left (north) bank of the Esino river 17 kilometres (11 mi) before its mouth on the Adriatic Sea.
Jesi was one of the last towns of the Umbri when, in the 4th century BC, the Senones Gauls invaded the area and ousted them. They turned it into a stronghold against the Piceni. In 283 BC the Senones were defeated by the Romans. Jesi in 247 BC became a colonia civium romanorum with the name of Aesis.
Starting from 1130, it was an independent commune, gradually expanding in the neighboring countryside. In December 1194 it was the site of the birth of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, who later gave it the title of “Royal City”. In the 14th century it was captured by the Papal vicar Filippo Simonetti, by Galeotto I Malatesta (1347–1351), by Braccio da Montone in 1408, and by Francesco I Sforza, who turned it into his family’s main stronghold in the Marche. In 1447 it was bought by the Papal States.