Karl Böhm impressive conductor 1894-1981

Karl Böhm impressive conductor 1894-1981

Karl August Leopold Böhm (28 August 1894, in Graz – 14 August 1981, in Salzburg) was an Austrian conductor. He was best known for his performances of the music of Mozart, Wagner and Richard Strauss.

Karl Böhm impressive conductor 1894-1981

Life and career 

Education 

The son of a lawyer, Karl Böhm studied law and earned a doctorate in this subject before entering the music conservatory in his home town of Graz, Austria  He later enrolled at the Vienna Conservatory, where he studied under Eusebius Mandyczewski, a friend of Johannes Brahms.

Munich, Darmstadt, Hamburg 

In 1917,  Karl Böhm became a rehearsal assistant in his home town, making his debut as a conductor in Viktor Nessler’s Der Trompeter von Säckingen in 1917. He became the assistant director of music in 1919, and the following year, the senior director. On the recommendation of Karl Muck, Bruno Walter engaged him at the Bavarian State Opera, Munich in 1921.

An early assignment here was Mozart’s Die Entführung aus dem Serail, with a cast which included Maria Ivogün, Paul Bender and Richard Tauber [Source: Karl Böhm, Ich erinnere mich genau, Zurich, 1968]. In 1927, he was appointed as chief musical director in Darmstadt. In 1931, he was appointed to the same post at the Hamburg State Opera, which he held until 1934 .

Vienna, Dresden, Salzburg 

In 1933, Karl Böhm conducted in Vienna for the first time, in Tristan und Isolde by Wagner. He succeeded Fritz Busch, who had gone into exile, as head of Dresden’s Semper Opera in 1934, a position he held until 1942. This was an important period for him, in which he conducted the first performances of works by Richard Strauss: Die schweigsame Frau (1935) and Daphne (1938), which is dedicated to him.

He also conducted the first performances of Romeo und Julia (1940) and Die Zauberinsel (1942) by Heinrich Sutermeister, and Strauss’s Horn Concerto No. 2 (1943).

Karl Böhm first appeared at the Salzburg Festival in 1938,  conducting Don Giovanni, and thereafter he became a permanent guest conductor. He secured a top post at the Vienna State Opera in 1943, eventually becoming music director. On the occasion of the 80th birthday of Richard Strauss, on 11 June 1944, he conducted the Vienna State Opera performance of Ariadne auf Naxos.

After World War II 

After Karl Böhm had completed a two-year post-war denazification ban, Böhm led Don Giovanni at La Scala, Milan (1948) and gave a guest performance in Paris with the Vienna State Opera company (1949). From 1950 to 1953 he directed the German season at the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires, and he conducted the first performance in Spanish of Wozzeck by Alban Berg, translated for the occasion.

In 1953 Karl Böhm was responsible for the first performance of Gottfried von Einem’s work Der Prozess. From 1954 to 1956 he directed the Vienna State Opera at its reconstructed home. He additionally resumed ties post-war in Dresden, at the Staatskapelle.

Success in New York 

In 1957, Karl Böhm made his debut with the Metropolitan Opera in New York, conducting Don Giovanni, and quickly became one of the favorite conductors of the Met’s Rudolf Bing era, conducting 262 performances there, including the Met premieres of WozzeckAriadne auf Naxos and Die Frau ohne Schatten, which was the first major success in the Met’s new house at Lincoln Center.

Karl Böhm led many other major new productions in New York, such as Fidelio for the 1970 Beethoven bicentennial, Tristan und Isolde (including the Met debut performance of Birgit Nilsson in 1959), LohengrinOtelloDer RosenkavalierSalome, and Elektra. His repertoire there also included Le nozze di FigaroParsifalThe Flying DutchmanDie Walküre, and Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Bayreuth and Wagner 

Karl Böhm made his debut at the Bayreuth Festival in 1962 with Tristan and Isolde, which he conducted until 1970. In 1964, he led Wagner’s Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg there, and from 1965 to 1967 the composer’s Der Ring des Nibelungen cycle, which was the last production by Wieland Wagner. His Wagner conducting divided opinion; the recording producer John Culshaw wrote that Böhm’s 1966 Walküre

”was conducted with a stupefying indifference, as if the conductor could not wait to get back to Salzburg or wherever he was going for his next engagement,  but Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians praises Böhm ’s Bayreuth performances for ”finely display[ing] his qualities”.

The Times took a middle view, finding his Wagner ”light and positive” but ”somewhat reluctant to let the drama find its full weight and depth”. Performances of the Ring and Tristan were recorded live and issued on record. In 1971 he conducted Wagner’s The Flying Dutchman at Bayreuth.

Indian Summer in London 

Late in life, Karl Böhm began a guest-conducting relationship with the London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) in a 1973 appearance at the Salzburg Festival. Several recordings were made with the orchestra for Deutsche Grammophon. Böhm was given the title of LSO President, which he held until his death. He twice conducted at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden in the 1970s: Le nozze di Figaro in 1977 and Così fan tutte in 1979.

Death, family, legacy 

karl Böhm died in Salzburg, two weeks before his 87th birthday. He conducted the premieres of Strauss’s late works Die schweigsame Frau (1935) and Daphne (1938), of which he is the dedicatee, recorded all the major operas (but often made cuts to the scores), and regularly revived Strauss’s operas with strong casts during his tenures in Vienna and Dresden, as well as at the Salzburg Festival.

Karl Böhm was praised for his rhythmically robust interpretations of the operas and symphonies of Mozart, and in the 1960s he was entrusted with recording all the Mozart symphonies with the Berlin Philharmonic. His brisk, straightforward approach to Wagner won adherents, as did his readings of the symphonies of Brahms, Bruckner and Schubert.

Karl Böhm  complete recordings of the Beethoven symphonies with the Vienna Philharmonic in 1971 was also highly regarded. On a less common front, he championed and recorded Alban Berg’s avant-garde operas Wozzeck and Lulu before they gained a foothold in the standard repertory. Böhm mentioned in the notes to his recordings of these works that he and Berg discussed the orchestrations, leading to changes in the score (as he had similarly done, previously, with Richard Strauss). He was described by one critic as one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century.

Grove says of him:

Mozart, Wagner and Richard Strauss are the composers with whom his name is most closely associated, followed by Haydn, Beethoven, Schubert, Bruckner, Brahms and Berg. Böhm’s musical approach, expressed in strictly functional gestures, was direct, fresh, energetic and authoritative, avoiding touches of romantic sentimentality or self-indulgent virtuoso mannerisms … He was widely admired for his skilful balance and blend of sound, his feeling for a stable tempo and his sense of dramatic tension.

Karl Böhm received two exclusive titles: ”Ehrendirigent” of the Vienna Philharmonic and Austrian ”Generalmusikdirektor”.  He was widely feted on his 80th birthday ten years later; his colleague Herbert von Karajan presented him with a clock to mark that occasion.

Böhm was married to the soprano Thea Linhard.  His son Karlheinz Böhm was a successful actor.

Nazi sympathies 

Although Karl Böhm never joined the Nazi party, in public and in private he continually expressed strong support for Hitler and his regime. The extent to which this was a matter of conviction rather than careerism is uncertain and the subject of much speculation. Böhm’s son maintained that his father was warned that if he defected from Nazi Germany, every member of his family would be sent to a concentration camp, but Böhm’s support of the Nazis predated their rise to power.

The historian Michael H. Kater records that while Böhm was music director in Dresden (1934–43) he ”poured forth rhetoric glorifying the Nazi regime and their cultural aims”. Kater ranks Böhm in that group of artists in whom ”we also find conflicting elements of resistance, accommodation, and service to the regime, so that in the end they cannot be definitively painted as either Nazis or non-Nazis.”

Kater also argues that Böhm’s move to the Dresden Opera in 1934, where he replaced Fritz Busch after the latter’s ”politically motivated” dismissal by Nazi authorities, as evidence of Böhm’s ”extreme careerist opportunism at the expense of personal morality” and was facilitated directly by Hitler, who obtained an early release for Böhm from his previous contract.

Kater contrasts this conduct with Böhm’s ”aesthetically faultless and sometimes politically daring” choice of repertory, and his collaborations with anti-Nazi directors and designers, which ”could have been interpreted by enemies of the Nazi regime as a brave attempt to preserve the principle of artistic freedom”.

In 2015, the Salzburg Festival announced that it would affix a plaque in its Karl Böhm refreshment lobby (Karl-Böhm-Saal) acknowledging the conductor’s complicity with Nazi Germany:

”Böhm was a beneficiary of the Third Reich and used its system to advance his career. His ascent was facilitated by the expulsion of Jewish and politically out-of-favor colleagues”.

Honours and awards 

Karl Böhm’s awards include: 1943: War Merit Cross, 2nd class without swords (Kriegsverdienstkreuz II. Klasse ohne Schwerter); 1959: Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver for Services to the Republic of Austria;  1960: Grand Merit Cross of the Federal Republic of Germany (Großes Verdienstkreuz); 1964: Honorary Ring of Vienna; 1967: Berlin Art Prize; 1970: Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art; 1976: Commander of the Legion of Honour; Honorary Ring of Styria; and 2012: Gramophone Magazine Hall of Fame 

På svenska

Karl Böhm inledde sin karriär som repetitör och kapellmästare i Graz och senare i Hamburg.1927-31 var han generalmusikdirektor i Darmstadt och kom sedan efter ett mellanspel i Hamburg till Staatsoper i Dresden, där han under sin anställningsperiod 1934-43 dirigerade uruppförandena på Strauss Die schweigsame Frau (1935) och Daphne (1938) som kompositören tillägnade honom.

1943-45 var han chef för Wiener Staatsoper dit han återvände 1954-56 och därmed var ansvarig för återinvigningen av operahuset. Från 1938 dirigerade han regelbundet vid Festspelen i Salzburg, från 1957 på Metropolitan och från 1962 även i Bayreuth. Han var särskilt känd för sina tolkningar av Mozart, Wagner och Strauss.

Bayreuther Festspiele

Karl Böhm dirigerade varje sommar i Bayreuth  mellan 1962-76

Metropolitan Opera

[Met Performance] CID:120150
Tristan und Isolde {242}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/2/1937
Broadcast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:124130
Tristan und Isolde {263}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/2/1938
Review
[Met Performance] CID:125870
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg {221}
Metropolitan Opera House; 05/4/1939
New York World’s Fair Season
Broadcast (Partial)
Review
[Met Performance] CID:127040
Tannhäuser {313}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/1/1939
Review
[Met Performance] CID:127090
Der Rosenkavalier {67}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/4/1939
Debut: John Carter
Review
[Met Performance] CID:130060 
Der Rosenkavalier {73}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/7/1940
Debut: Eleanor Steber, Maria Hussa
Review
[Met Performance] CID:130600
Siegfried {192}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/20/1941
Review
[Met Performance] CID:130800
Das Rheingold {86} Ring Cycle [70] Uncut
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/7/1941
Review
[Met Performance] CID:131000
Fidelio {65}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/22/1941
Broadcast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:134100
Tristan und Isolde {295}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/4/1942
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:135070
Siegfried {196} Ring Cycle [72] Uncut
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1943
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:136440
Gianni Schicchi {36}
Salome {21}

Metropolitan Opera House; 01/6/1944
Debut: Anthony Statile, Ella Flesch
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:138850
Siegfried {199} Ring Cycle [75] Uncut
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/13/1945
Review
[Met Performance] CID:138990
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg {231}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/26/1945
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176010
New production
Don Giovanni {185}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/31/1957
Debut: Karl Böhm
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176050
Don Giovanni {186}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/4/1957
[Met Performance] CID:176140
Don Giovanni {187}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/13/1957
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176230
Der Rosenkavalier {162}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/22/1957
Debut: Steve Wiland
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176270
Der Rosenkavalier {163}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/26/1957
[Met Performance] CID:176340
Der Rosenkavalier {164}
American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 12/3/1957
Debut: Trudi Bedway
[Met Performance] CID:176370
Don Giovanni {188}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/6/1957
[Met Performance] CID:176410
Der Rosenkavalier {165}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/9/1957
[Met Performance] CID:176460
Don Giovanni {189}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/14/1957
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:176590
Don Giovanni {190}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/27/1957
[Met Performance] CID:176710
Don Giovanni {191}
American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 01/7/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176730
Der Rosenkavalier {166}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/9/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176830
Der Rosenkavalier {167}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/18/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:180820
Don Giovanni {196}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/15/1959
[Met Performance] CID:180900
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg {292}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/22/1959
Debuts: Sebastian Feiersinger, Karl Dönch, Marko Rothmüller
[Met Performance] CID:180960
Don Giovanni {197}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181030
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg {293}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/4/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181070
Don Giovanni {198}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/7/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181130  Opera News
Don Giovanni {199}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/14/1959
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:181210
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg {294}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/21/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181260
Don Giovanni {200}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181320
Metropolitan Opera Premiere
Wozzeck {1}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/5/1959
Debuts: Earl Ringland, Alice Plotkin
Review
[Met Performance] CID:181350
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg {295}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1959
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:181430
Wozzeck {2}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/14/1959
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:181510
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg {296}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/20/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181550
Wozzeck {3}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/23/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181560
Don Giovanni {201}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/24/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181660
Wozzeck {4}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/1/1959
[Met Performance] CID:181750
Wozzeck {5}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/9/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183540  
New production
Tristan und Isolde {368}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/18/1959
Debuts: Birgit Nilsson, Teo Otto
Review
[Met Performance] CID:183590
Tristan und Isolde {369}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/23/1959
[Met Performance] CID:183640 
Tristan und Isolde {370}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/28/1959
Birgit Nilsson and three tenors:
Ramon Vinay, Act I
Karl Liebl, Act II
Albert DaCosta, Act III
Review
[Met Performance] CID:183760
Tristan und Isolde {371}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/9/1960
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:183790
Tristan und Isolde {372}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/12/1960
[Met Performance] CID:183820
Tristan und Isolde {373}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/15/1960
[Met Performance] CID:183840
Don Giovanni {208}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/16/1960
[Met Performance] CID:183880
Don Giovanni {209}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/20/1960
[Met Performance] CID:183890
Tristan und Isolde {374}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/21/1960
[Met Performance] CID:183940
Tristan und Isolde {375}
American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 01/26/1960
[Met Performance] CID:183960 
New Production
Fidelio {79}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/1960
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:183970
Don Giovanni {210}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/1960
[Met Performance] CID:183990
Tristan und Isolde {376}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/30/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184010
Fidelio {80}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/2/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184080
Die Walküre {385}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/9/1960
Review
[Met Performance] CID:184120  Opera News
Fidelio {81}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/13/1960
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:184150
Don Giovanni {211}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/16/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184190
Die Walküre {386}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/1960
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:184240
Don Giovanni {212}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/25/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184250
Die Walküre {387}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/26/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184280
Fidelio {82}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/29/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184300 
Die Walküre {388}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184360
Die Walküre {389}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1960
Review
[Met Performance] CID:184400
Fidelio {83}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/11/1960
[Met Performance] CID:184460
Fidelio {84}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/16/1960
[Met Performance] CID:187410
Wozzeck {6}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/10/1961
Debut: Thomas Cooke
Review
[Met Performance] CID:187460
Don Giovanni {225}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/15/1961
[Met Performance] CID:187510
Wozzeck {7}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/20/1961
[Met Performance] CID:187530
Parsifal {206}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/22/1961
Debut: Lucille Kailer
Review
[Met Performance] CID:187590
Don Giovanni {226}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/25/1961
Review
[Met Performance] CID:187650
Wozzeck {8}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/30/1961
[Met Performance] CID:187660
Parsifal {207}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/31/1961
[Met Performance] CID:187740
Parsifal {208}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/7/1961
Review
[Met Performance] CID:187750
Wozzeck {9}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/8/1961
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:187840
Wozzeck {10}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/15/1961
[Met Performance] CID:192770 
Metropolitan Opera Premiere
Ariadne auf Naxos {1}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/29/1962
Review
[Met Performance] CID:192810
Ariadne auf Naxos {2}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/3/1963
[Met Performance] CID:192890
Der Fliegende Holländer {61}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/11/1963
[Met Performance] CID:192950
Ariadne auf Naxos {3}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/16/1963
[Met Performance] CID:192990
Der Fliegende Holländer {62}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/19/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193010
Ariadne auf Naxos {4}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/22/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193020
Der Fliegende Holländer {63}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/23/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193050
Fidelio {85}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/26/1963
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:193080
Ariadne auf Naxos {5}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193120
Ariadne auf Naxos {6}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/2/1963
Broadcast
Last minute change from Der Fliegende Holländer.
[Met Performance] CID:193160
Der Fliegende Holländer {64}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/6/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193170
Fidelio {86}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/7/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193220
Der Fliegende Holländer {65}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/12/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193250
Fidelio {87}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1963
Debut: Herbert Fliether
[Met Performance] CID:193260  Opera News
Der Fliegende Holländer {66}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/16/1963
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:193290
Der Fliegende Holländer {67}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/18/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193310
Fidelio {88}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193400
Fidelio {89}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/1/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193420
Ariadne auf Naxos {7}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193450
Fidelio {90}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/6/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193470
Ariadne auf Naxos {8}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/8/1963
[Met Performance] CID:193510
Fidelio {91}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/11/1963
[Met Performance] CID:201000
Der Fliegende Holländer {68}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/19/1965
Review
[Met Performance] CID:201060
Der Fliegende Holländer {69}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/25/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201150
New production
Salome {62}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/3/1965
Debut: Rudolf Heinrich
Review
[Met Performance] CID:201170
Der Fliegende Holländer {70}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/5/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201210
Salome {63}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/9/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201240
Salome {64}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/12/1965
Debut: Maria Kouba
Review
[Met Performance] CID:201250
Der Fliegende Holländer {71}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/13/1965
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:201280
Salome {65}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201320
Wozzeck {11}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/1965
Debuts: Helga Pilarczyk, Norman Giffin, Gary Finkelstein
Review
[Met Performance] CID:201340
Der Fliegende Holländer {72}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201370
Wozzeck {12}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201380
Der Fliegende Holländer {73}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/25/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201410
Salome {66}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201420
Der Fliegende Holländer {74}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/1/1965
Review
[Met Performance] CID:201430
Wozzeck {13}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201450
Salome {67}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/4/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201510
Wozzeck {14}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/10/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201530
Der Fliegende Holländer {75}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/12/1965
[Met Performance] CID:201540  Opera News
Salome {68}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/13/1965
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:201570
Salome {69}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/16/1965
[Met Performance] CID:205030 
Fidelio {92}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/8/1966
Debut: James King
Review
[Met Performance] CID:205070
Fidelio {93}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/12/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:205090
Salome {70}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/14/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205140
Salome {71}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/19/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205170  Opera News
Fidelio {94}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/22/1966
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:205220
Fidelio {95}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/27/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205230
Salome {72}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/1966
Debut: Gilbert Ireland
[Met Performance] CID:205270
Fidelio {96}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/31/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205330
Salome {73}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/5/1966
[Met Performance] CID:205360
Salome {74}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/8/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208070
Metropolitan Opera Premiere
Die Frau ohne Schatten {1}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/2/1966
Debuts: Walter Berry, Karan Armstrong, Nancy Williams, Patricia Welting
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:208110
Die Frau ohne Schatten {2}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/6/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208140
Don Giovanni {266}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/8/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208190
Die Frau ohne Schatten {3}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/14/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208200
Don Giovanni {267}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/15/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208220
Die Frau ohne Schatten {4}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/17/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208240
Don Giovanni {268}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/19/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208280
Don Giovanni {269}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/22/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208300
Die Frau ohne Schatten {5}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/25/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208380
Die Frau ohne Schatten {6}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/2/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208480
Die Frau ohne Schatten {7}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/12/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208570
Die Frau ohne Schatten {8}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/20/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208750 
New production
Lohengrin {526}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/8/1966
Debuts: Wieland Wagner, Peter Lehmann
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208810
Lohengrin {527}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/13/1966
[Met Performance] CID:208850 Opera News
Die Frau ohne Schatten {9}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/17/1966
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:208870
Lohengrin {528}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/19/1966
Review
[Met Performance] CID:208970
Lohengrin {529}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/29/1966
[Met Performance] CID:209030
Don Giovanni {270}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/4/1967
Review
[Met Performance] CID:209070
Lohengrin {530}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/7/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209080
Don Giovanni {271}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/9/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209100
Lohengrin {531}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/11/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209110
Don Giovanni {272}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/12/1967
Review
[Met Performance] CID:209160
Don Giovanni {273}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/17/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209200
Lohengrin {532}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/21/1967
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:209260
Lohengrin {533}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/27/1967
[Met Performance] CID:209270
Don Giovanni {274}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/1967
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:209300
Lohengrin {534}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/31/1967
[Met Performance] CID:217310
New production
Der Rosenkavalier {201}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/23/1969
Debuts: Celeste Scott, Elizabeth Anguish
Review
[Met Performance] CID:217350
Der Rosenkavalier {202}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/27/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217410
Der Rosenkavalier {203}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/1/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217470 
Der Rosenkavalier {204}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/8/1969
Broadcast
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:217550
Gala Performance
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217560
Die Frau ohne Schatten {10}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/17/1969
Debut: Batyah Godfrey Ben-David
Review
[Met Performance] CID:217600
Die Frau ohne Schatten {11}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/21/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217630
Der Rosenkavalier {205}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217660
Der Rosenkavalier {206}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217710
Die Frau ohne Schatten {12}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/4/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217740
Der Rosenkavalier {207}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217750 Opera News
Die Frau ohne Schatten {13}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/8/1969
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:217780
Der Rosenkavalier {208}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/11/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217790
Die Frau ohne Schatten {14}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/12/1969
[Met Performance] CID:217840
Der Rosenkavalier {209}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/15/1969
[Met Performance] CID:220000
Aida {762}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/29/1969
Opening Night {85}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
The opening of the 1969-70 season was delayed and the season nearly cancelled due to prolonged labor-management negotiations
Review
[Met Performance] CID:220240
Der Fliegende Holländer {98}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/22/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220300
Der Rosenkavalier {219}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/1970
Review
[Met Performance] CID:220330
Der Fliegende Holländer {99}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/31/1970
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:220360
Der Fliegende Holländer {100}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/3/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220390
Der Rosenkavalier {220}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/6/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220420
Der Rosenkavalier {221}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/9/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220450
Der Fliegende Holländer {101}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/12/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220480
Der Rosenkavalier {222}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/14/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220500
Der Fliegende Holländer {102}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/17/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220520
Der Rosenkavalier {223}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220560
Der Fliegende Holländer {103}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/23/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220570
Der Rosenkavalier {224}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220600
Der Fliegende Holländer {104}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220610
Der Rosenkavalier {225}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/28/1970
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:220650
Der Rosenkavalier {226}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/4/1970
Debut: Harry Shean
[Met Performance] CID:220690
Der Rosenkavalier {227}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220720
Der Fliegende Holländer {105}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/11/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220730
Ariadne auf Naxos {17}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/12/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220790
Ariadne auf Naxos {18}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/17/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220820
Ariadne auf Naxos {19}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/20/1970
[Met Performance] CID:220910
Ariadne auf Naxos {20}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/28/1970
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:220960
Ariadne auf Naxos {21}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/1/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223740
Elektra {40}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/27/1970
Debut: Raeschelle Potter
[Met Performance] CID:223780
Elektra {41}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/1/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223810
Elektra {42}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/4/1970
Debut: Ursula Schröder-Feinen
[Met Performance] CID:223930
New Production
Fidelio {101}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/16/1970
[Met Performance] CID:223980
Fidelio {102}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/21/1970
[Met Performance] CID:224040
Fidelio {103}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/26/1970
[Met Performance] CID:224060
Fidelio {104}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/29/1970
[Met Performance] CID:224100
Fidelio {105}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/2/1971
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:224180
Fidelio {106}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/9/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224240 Opera News
Die Frau ohne Schatten {15}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/16/1971
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:224280
Die Frau ohne Schatten {16}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/20/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224300
Fidelio {107}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/22/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224330
Die Frau ohne Schatten {17}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/25/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224350
Fidelio {108}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/27/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224370
Die Frau ohne Schatten {18}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/1971
Review
[Met Performance] CID:224410
Die Frau ohne Schatten {19}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/2/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224420
Fidelio {109}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/3/1971
Debut: Klara Barlow
[Met Performance] CID:224460
Die Frau ohne Schatten {20}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/6/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224470
Fidelio {110}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/8/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224500
Die Frau ohne Schatten {21}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/11/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224540
Fidelio {111}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224560
Die Frau ohne Schatten {22}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/17/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224570
Elektra {43}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/18/1971
Debut: Patricia Clarke
[Met Performance] CID:224610
Die Frau ohne Schatten {23}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/22/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224620
Fidelio {112}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/23/1971
[Met Performance] CID:224640
Fidelio {113}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/25/1971
Debut: Caterina Ligendza
[Met Performance] CID:224660  Opera News
Elektra {44}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1971
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:227080   
New Production
Der Freischütz {22}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/28/1971
Debuts: Gerd Feldhoff, Elyssa Lindner, Rudolf Heinrich, Michael Ebert
Review
[Met Performance] CID:228300
Le Nozze di Figaro {236}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/27/1972
Debut: Betsy Norden
[Met Performance] CID:228340
Le Nozze di Figaro {237}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/31/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228380
Le Nozze di Figaro {238}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/4/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228470
Le Nozze di Figaro {239}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/12/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228490
Le Nozze di Figaro {240}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228550
Le Nozze di Figaro {241}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/21/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228640
Le Nozze di Figaro {242}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/1/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228690
Salome {75}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/6/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228730
Salome {76}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/10/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228750
Le Nozze di Figaro {243}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/11/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228810
Salome {77}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/18/1972
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:228860
Salome {78}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/23/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228890  
New Production
Otello {184}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/25/1972
Debut: Peter J. Hall
Review
[Met Performance] CID:228910
Salome {79}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/28/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228920
Otello {185}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/29/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228970
Salome {80}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/1/1972
[Met Performance] CID:228980
Otello {186}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/3/1972
[Met Performance] CID:229000
Salome {81}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/5/1972
[Met Performance] CID:229040 Opera News
Otello {187}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/8/1972
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:229070
Salome {82}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/10/1972
[Met Performance] CID:229100
Otello {188}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/13/1972
[Met Performance] CID:229110
Salome {83}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/14/1972
[Met Performance] CID:229140
Otello {189}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/17/1972
[Met Performance] CID:229190
Otello {190}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/21/1972
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:229210  Review
Gala Performance Honoring Sir Rudolf Bing
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/22/1972
Telecast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:232520
Salome {84}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1973
[Met Performance] CID:232590
Salome {85}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/1973
[Met Performance] CID:232700
Salome {86}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1973
[Met Performance] CID:232740
Salome {87}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1973
[Met Performance] CID:232920
Salome {88}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1973
[Met Performance] CID:232940
Salome {89}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/8/1973
[Met Performance] CID:236550 
Der Rosenkavalier {236}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/16/1974
Debuts: Brigitte Fassbaender, Manfred Jungwirth, Linda Mays, Valerie Lundberg, Richard Abrams
Review
[Met Performance] CID:236570
Der Rosenkavalier {237}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/1974
[Met Performance] CID:236610 Opera News 1 Opera News 2
Der Rosenkavalier {238}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/23/1974
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:236690
Der Rosenkavalier {239}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1974
[Met Performance] CID:236720
Der Rosenkavalier {240}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/6/1974
[Met Performance] CID:236940
Der Rosenkavalier {241}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/27/1974
[Met Performance] CID:237000
Der Rosenkavalier {242}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/30/1974
[Met Performance] CID:237050
Der Rosenkavalier {243}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/4/1974
[Met Performance] CID:237090
Der Rosenkavalier {244}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/8/1974
[Met Performance] CID:237180
Der Rosenkavalier {245}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/15/1974
[Met Performance] CID:252730
Die Frau ohne Schatten {24}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/24/1978
[Met Performance] CID:252770
Die Frau ohne Schatten {25}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/28/1978
[Met Performance] CID:252820 Opera News
Die Frau ohne Schatten {26}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/1/1978
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:252880
Die Frau ohne Schatten {27}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/6/1978
[Met Performance] CID:252920
Die Frau ohne Schatten {28}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/10/1978
[Met Performance] CID:252970
Die Frau ohne Schatten {29}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/14/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255140
Fidelio {143}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/2/1978
Debuts: Siegmund Nimsgern, Arleen Augér
Review
[Met Performance] CID:255180
Fidelio {144}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/6/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255260
Fidelio {145}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/13/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255300
Fidelio {146}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/17/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255340
Fidelio {147}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/21/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255370
Fidelio {148}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/24/1978
[Met Performance] CID:255410
Fidelio {149}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/28/1978

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