Klaipeda operastad i Litauen
Klaipėda, tyska Memel, är en stad i västra Litauen. Staden, som år 2011 hade 162 690 invånare, är sedan medeltiden en viktig hamnstad. Överhöghet över staden har växlat åtskilliga gånger under de senaste 1000 åren.
State Music Theatre
Klaipeda State Music Theatre is the biggest professional art association not only in Klaipeda, but in all Western region of Lithuania. There are 232* workers in the theatre: 18 soloist singers, 38 chorus singers, 20 ballet dancers, 53 orchestra musicians, the governing body of art, and the service personnel. The theater director Ramūnas Kaubrys, the artistic director Stasys Domarkas, conductors Ilmars Harijs Lapinsch, Vytautas Lukočius, the conductor’s assistant Dmitrijus Zlotnikas, stage managers Ramūnas Kaubrys, Rima Sasnauskaitė, the ballet art director Vaclovas Sasnauskas, the head choirmaster Vladimiras Konstantinovas. Klaipeda Music Theatre presents to the Western Lithuania’s audience the musical plays of the highest professional level and various concert programs.
Klaipeda State Music Theatre was founded on January 01, 1987 after the reorganization of Klaipeda Public Opera Theatre into Klaipeda Music Theatre in 1986. The stage manager Gintas Žilys was appointed the art director, Antanas Kievišas – the conductor. 1991–1992 the Theatre artistic director was the conductor Algis Jonas Lukoševičius, 1992–1995 – ballet master Laisvė Dautartaitė, 1995–2005 – the conductor Stasys Domarkas, 2005–2007 – the composer Audronė Žigaitytė-Nekrošienė, 2007–2008 – the stage manager Ramūnas Kaubrys, 2008–2010 Audronė Nekrošienė, from 2010 until now Ramūnas Kaubrys.
During the twenty-two years of creative activity there were over 50 stage plays of various genres and epochs directed: operas, operettas, musicals, ballets, modern dance plays, oratorios, musical plays for children. The first play directed by Klaipedians was the debutant composer Audronė Žigaitytė’s opera Mažvydas (23 04 1988).
Lithuanian composers’ creative work in the theatre repertoire heads the list. Works that have gained the greatest interest: Giedrius Kuprevičius opera Prussians (1997), Audronė Žigaitytė’s opera Žilvinas and Eglė (2002), Insight (2005), Antanas Bražinskas musical Chatters (1999); national creative works for children: Viktoras Kuprevičius musical fairy tale The Cat in Boots (2001), Vladimir Konstantinov musical fairy tales Glassy Fairy Tale (2001), A Hundred Princess’ Kisses (2002), opera What the Grandfather Does will be Alright (2008), Antanas Kučinskas opera Potato Fairy Tale (2007), which during the 2007–2008 season has gained the prestige Golden Year Cross prize for the best work in behalf of the theatre children, as well as Benjaminas Gorbulskis musical love novella Mimosa; dance plays according to Daniel Dolsky and Algimantas Raudonikis’ songs.
On the occasion of the Lithuania’s Name Millennium Commemoration the Theatre will present the latest works of Lithuanian authors. Vidmantas Bartulis opera The Morning Star (2008) has already been performed on the stage. In the future there are plans to show Giedrius Kuprevičius’ musical Veronica, the choreograph living in Belgium Rasa Alksnytė’s dance play The Lost Souls according to the music of Lithuanian composers.
Every year the Theatre complements its repertoire with classical stage compositions. Recently such works have seen the footlights as: G. Verdi Rigoletto (2003), G. Pergolesi The Maid as Mistress (2006), P. Tchaykovsky Eugene Onegin (2006), W. A. Mozart Don Juan (2006), C. Monteverdi L’Orfeo (2007), G. Verdi La Traviata (2003), G. Bizet Carmen (1998), W. A. Mozart Figaro Wedding (2004), G. Rossini The Barber of Seville (1996) are being performed with great success.
Popular operettas among the audience are these: F. Lehar The Merry Widow (1997), E. Kalman Countess Marica (2003), Czardas Queen (2004), J. Strauss The Bat (2006), P. Abraham The Ball in Savoy (2007), J. Strauss The Vienna Blood (2008), also musicals: J. Bock The Fiddler on the Roof (2000), K. Weill The Three-Penny-Opera (2001), V. Lebedev Oh, Dear Friend (2004), Z. Liepinš Notre Dame de Paris (2005).
The Theatre ballet troupe compositions gain the audience attention as well. The latest are: M. Ravel Bolero, G. Bizet-R. Ščedrin Carmen-Suite (the author of libretto and choreograph Jurijus Smoriginas), Straussiana according to J. Strauss music (the author of libretto and choreograph Lita Beiris, Latvia), Bloody Wedding according to F. G. Lorca’s lyrics and A. Piazzolla’s music (the author of libretto and choreographer Jurijus Smoriginas).
Klaipeda State Music Theatre organizes occasional and theatrical concerts, symphonic music programs. Among the latest the most significant are these: D. Shostakovich Symphony No. 13, b-moll, op. 113, according to the poet Y. Yevtushenko poetry, which was accompanied by the world’s famous star, bass from the USA M. Svetlov-Krutikov (cond. I. H. Lapinsch), also W. A. Mozart Requiem (cond. S. Sondecky), Symphony g-moll (cond. V. Lukočius), P. Čaikovskij and R. Wagner’s opera fragments (cond. I. H. Lapinsch). In recent years there have been such oratorios: V. Konstantinovas Requiem Reborn (2006), F. Mendelssohn-Bartholdy Elias (2007), J. S. Bach Magnificat (2008), diptych – M. Ravel The Spanish Hour, M. de Falla Love the Magician (2008).
The Theatre chorus takes part not only in the theatre plays (conductors: Stasys Domarkas, Ilmars Harijs Lapinsch, Vytautas Lukočius, Dmitrijus Zlotnikas, Vladimiras Konstantinovas), but also organizes concert programs, which they perform together with the Theatre’s symphonic orchestra.
The chorus repertoire includes such works demanding great mastery: A. Caldara’s Dies irae, A. Honegger Jana d’Ark on Fire, G. Rossini Messa di Ravenna, I. Stravinskij Oedipus Rex, C. Orff’s Carmina Burana, G. Faure, W. A. Mozart, G. Verdi’s Requiem, J. Brahms German Requiem, J. S. Bach Christmas Oratorio and others. Since the foundation of the Theatre in 1987, the director of the Theatre association has been the head choirmaster, conductor and composer Vladimiras Konstantinovas. The chorus has already been to Russia, Latvia, Poland, and Italy.
The plays have been directed by these stage managers: Eligijus Domarkas, Nerijus Petrokas, Jan Szurmiej (Poland), Markus Kupferblum (Austria), Jonas Vaitkus, Alvydas Vizgirda, Ramūnas Kaubrys (in 2006 has won the prize of Klaipeda Municipality Administration prize, Lithuanian Theatre Union, Klaipeda Branch – Gratitude Mask as the best stage manager), Rima Sasnauskaitė. Stage directors, costume designers: Konstancija Gražina Remeikaitė, Virginija Idzelytė, Sofija Kanaverskytė, Rimtautas Gibavičius, Aleksandra Jacovskytė, Henrikas Ciparis, Aina Janulionienė,Giedrė Riškutė-Kariniauskienė, Algis Kariniauskas, Eglė Kvintienė, Vilija Šuklytė, Artūras Šimonis, Jolanta Rimkutė, Marta Vosyliūtė, Frieder Klein (Austria), Wojciech Jankowiak, Marta Hubka (Poland), Ivars Noviks (Latvia) and others. Choreographers: Irena Ribačiauskaitė, Jurijus Smoriginas, Aurelijus Liškauskas, Inga Briazkalovaitė, Jan Szurmiej (Poland), Lita Beiris (Latvia) and others. Conductors: S. Domarkas, I. H. Lapinsch, D. Zlotnikas, V. Lukočius, D. Anzolini (Italy), S. Cicero (Switzerland), B. Burger (Holland), I. Resni (Latvia), J. Domarkas, G. Rinkevičius, P. Bingelis, A. J. Lukoševičius, K. Kšanas and others.
The soloist singers* of Klaipeda State Music Theatre: Dmitrij Afanasjev (baritone), Valerija Balsytė (soprano), Aurelija Dovydaitienė (mecosoprano), Jadvyga Grikšienė (soprano), Šarūnas Juškevičius (baritone), Rasa Ulteravičiūtė-Kazlauskienė (soprano), Svetlana Konstantinova (soprano), Artūras Kozlovskis (bass), Dalia Kužmarskytė (mecosoprano), Kęstutis Nevulis (baritone), Rita Petrauskaitė (soprano), Gintautas Platūkis (bass), Virginijus Pupšys (tenor), Loreta Ramelienė (soprano), Stanislovas Rezgevičius (tenor), Mindaugas Rojus (baritone), Viačeslavas Tarasovas (tenor), Vytautas Virganavičius (baritone) are true professionals and have won significant prizes.
The Theatre’s ballet troupe is known for its strength and universality. Ballet-dancers*: Aurimas Andrijauskas, Inga Briazkalovaitė, Eglė Brundzaitė, Galina Gaifulina, Jūratė Gedminienė, Aleksej Grechov, Kristina Gudelytė, Viktorija Gulnickaja, Ričardas Jankevičius, Aleksandra Kovaliova-Karečkienė, Gintaras Kistienas, Aušra Krasauskaitė, Aurelijus Liškauskas, Valdemaras Marcinkus, Jolanta Mineikytė, Beata Molytė-Kulikauskienė, Raimondas Rozluckis, Kristina Tarasevičiūtė, Margarita Zemskaja, Artūras Ženčius, perform not only the roles in the ballet, modern dances, but are also incomparable participants in the operas, operettas, plays for children.
The roles in the Theatre plays have been performed together with famous Lithuanian opera soloists: Virgilijus Noreika, Vytautas Juozapaitis, Eduardas Kaniava, Vladimiras Prudnikovas, Audrius Rubežius, Kęstutis Alčauskis, Laimonas Pautienius, Algirdas Janutas, Irena Milkevičiūtė, Inesa Linaburgytė, Asmik Grigorian, Žoržas Siksna (Latvia), Edmundas Seilius, ballet soloists: Eglė Špokaitė, Mindaugas Baužys, Živilė Baikštytė, Martynas Rimeikis and others.
Klaipeda State Music Theatre goes on tours in various cities of the country, represents Lithuania abroad – in Latvia, Poland, Russia, Holland, Italy, and Switzerland.
The Theatre has participated in the music and art festival of Baltic countries Probaltica in Warsaw and Torun in Poland (in 2001 Lithuania was represented by Klaipeda State Music Theatre’s symphonic orchestra and in 2003 the Theatre association has introduced A. Žigaitytė’s opera Žilvinas and Eglė), in the festival Sigulda (Latvia), went on tours in Gotland (Sweden). The association is active in various Klaipeda city festivals, in the festival Music Spring (Klaipeda), cooperates with the Philharmonic Society in Kaliningrad, with the orchestras of Kaliningrad and Liepaja.
In 1993 the Symphony Orchestra of Lithuania Minor invited to the first concert. The association is gathered and managed by the conductor Stasys Domarkas. The core of the orchestra includes Klaipeda State Music Theatre orchestra artists, sometimes the artists from other Lithuanian music associations are invited as well. The orchestra repertoire includes – classical, romantic, modern foreign and Lithuanian authors’ creative works. The concert music included M. K. Čiurlionis, A. Remesa (the association was the first to perform A. Remesa’s Symphony No.4 Ecce Homo, dedicated to the Christianity anniversary 2000, recorded into CD; as well as other A. Remesa’s symphonies), V. Konstantinovas, F. Mendelsson-Bartholdy, W. A. Mozart, L. van Beethoven, F. Schubert, E. Grieg, Ch. Gounod, G. Bizet, J. Strauss, R. Wagner and other composers’ music. The orchestra performed in accordance with the occasions related to Lithuania and the world’s cultural anniversaries (the 70th year of the First Symphonic Orchestra performance, the 75th year of the Lithuanian Operetta, the 120th year of the Composer M. K. Čiurlionis’ Birth Commemoration, Klaipeda Land Annexation to Lithuania Day, Klaipeda’s Birthday, International Music Day, Europe Day, etc.), performed in the festivals Music Spring, Mariu Klavyrai, The International Mykolas Oginskis festival. The programs of the association have been performed not only in Klaipeda and other cities of Lithuania, but abroad as well – in Latvia, Poland, Russia, Holland and Italy. The performance of the orchestra was complemented by famous Lithuanian and foreign artists and associations, among them – Ingrida Armonaitė (violin), Vilhelmas Čepinskis (violin), Guido Currao (clarinet, Italy), Luicci Balbi (violoncello, Italy), Michail Svetlov-Krutikov (bass, the USA), Kaunas State chorus, chorus Vilnius, Vilnius Municipality compound chorus Young Music, other participants and associations.
Since 1993 the Theatre has been organizing the Week of Young Talents (Young Talents Fiesta, Young Talents Festival), during which the Theatre orchestra is assisted by Klaipeda music schools’ pupils, Stasys Šimkus conservatory and KU Art Faculty students – the future musicians. There are permanent children and youth educational programs, which introduce children with the Theatre: The Magic World of the Theatre, Children Opera Club. In the future there are plans to organize one more – Opera Academy. There are constant thematic galleries in the Theatre lobby.
Klaipeda State Music Theatre organizes the annual (since 1998) international symphonic music and opera festival on 1-23, August The Musical August on the Seaside, which takes place not only in Klaipeda, but also in Nida, Juodkrante, Kretinga and other Western Lithuanian cities.
The basis for the festival is the Theatre’s premiers. The author and organizer of the festival is Stasys Domarkas. In 2009 The Musical Seaside will be dedicated to the significant Lithuania event – Lithuania’s Name Millennium Commemoration.
Disc graphics: Giuseppe Verdi Rigoletas (Rigoletto, 2005, conductor S. Domarkas); Sveikinimai iš Klaipėdos (Greetings from Klaipeda, 2006, conductor I. H. Lapinsch); Vladimiras Konstantinovas Requiem Reborn (2008, conductor V. Konstantinovas)
* the data of January, 2009