Lviv stad i Ukraina med operahus

Stadsvy över staden

Lviv stad i Ukraina med operahus

Lviv, även känd som Lvov eller Lemberg, är en stad i västra delen av Ukraina, belägen i Lviv oblast, vid foten av Karpaterna, cirka 80 kilometer från gränsen mot Polen. I äldre svenskt språkbruk användes det tyska namnet Lemberg med svenskt uttal. Lviv ligger vid floden Poltva, en biflod till Bug, och har cirka 730 000 invånare.

Lviv är den viktigaste staden i det ukrainsktalande västra Ukraina och har många olika industrier, bland annat busstillverkaren LAZ. I staden finns ett universitet, grundat 1661, och ett stort antal sevärda byggnader, bland annat kyrkor från renässansen. Sedan 1998 är staden upptagen på Unescos världsarvslista.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lviv  is a city in western Ukraine that was the capital of the Kingdom of Ruthenia before being incorporated into the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in 1339 and turning into regional capital of the Ruthenian Voivodeship, and later (since 1772) the Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, then known as Lemberg. Administratively, Lviv serves as the administrative center of Lviv Oblast and has the status of city of oblast significance. Population: 730,272 (2013 est.)

From the Polish recurrence after the First World War in 1918-21 until the German and Soviet conquest and dividing of Second Polish Republic, after the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, the city was known as Lwów and was the centre of the Polish Lwów Voivodeship.

During the war this eastern Polish city was first occupied by the USSR, but soon after Operation Barbarossa, the German attack on the Soviet Union, the city was instead taken by the Germans. After Nazi Germany’s defeat, at the Potsdam Conference, the Soviet Union argued that the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact was legal and the city should become a part of the Soviet Union; Churchill objected but America agreed. It was the centre of Lviv Oblast of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic within the USSR, and became part of Ukraine after 1991.

As the centre of the historical region of Galicia, Lviv is now regarded as one of the main cultural centres of Ukraine. The historical heart of Lviv with its old buildings and cobblestone streets has survived Soviet and German occupations during the Second World War largely unscathed. The city has many industries and institutions of higher education such as Lviv University and Lviv Polytechnic. Lviv is also a home to many world-class cultural institutions, including a philharmonic orchestra and the famous Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet. The historic city centre is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Lviv celebrated its 750th anniversary with a son et lumière in the city centre in September 2006.

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Länk till Lviv National Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre

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