Mainz är huvudstad och med sina över 200 000 invånare därtill den största staden i förbundslandet Rheinland-Pfalz i västra Tyskland. Staden är belägen där floderna Rhen och Main flyter samman.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mainz is the capital of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. It was the capital of the Electorate of M at the time of the Holy Roman Empire. In antiquity M was a Roman fort city which commanded the west bank of the Rhine and formed part of the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire; it was founded as a military post by the Romans in the late 1st century BC and became the provincial capital of Germania Superior. The city is located on the river Rhine at its confluence with the Main opposite Wiesbaden, in the western part of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main; in the modern age, Frankfurt shares much of its regional importance.
The city is famous as the home of the invention of the movable-type printing press, as the first books printed using movable type were manufactured in M by Gutenberg in the early 1450s. Until the twentieth century, M was usually referred to in English by its French name: Mayence.