Mario Del Monaco italianborn tenor 1915-1982

Mario Del Monaco italianborn tenor 1915-1982

Mario Del Monaco (27 July 1915 – 16 October 1982) was an Italian operatic tenor who earned worldwide acclaim for his powerful voice. Del Monaco was born in Florence to a musical upper-class family. As a young boy he studied the violin but had a passion for singing. He graduated from the Rossini Conservatory at Pesaro, where he first met and sang with Renata Tebaldi, with whom he would form something of an operatic dream team of the 1950s. His early mentors as a singer included Arturo Melocchi, his teacher at Pesaro, and Maestro Raffaelli, who recognized his talent and helped launch his career.

Mario Del Monaco italianborn tenor 1915-1982

That career began in earnest with Del Monaco’s debut on 31 December 1940 as Pinkerton at the Puccini Theater in Milan. (His initial appearance in an opera had occurred the previous year, however, in Mascagni’s Cavalleria rusticana in Pesaro.) He sang in Italy during the Second World War and married, in 1941, Rina Filipini.

In 1946, he appeared at London’s Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, for the first time. During the ensuing years he became famous not only in London but also across the operatic world for his powerful voice. It was almost heldentenor-like in scope but Del Monaco was no Wagnerian, confining his activities overwhelmingly to the Italian repertoire.

Del Monaco sang at the New York Metropolitan Opera from 1951 to 1959, enjoying particular success in dramatic Verdi parts such as Radamès. He soon established himself as one of four Italian tenor superstars who reached the peak of their fame in the 1950s and ’60s, the others being Giuseppe Di Stefano, Carlo Bergonzi and Franco Corelli. Del Monaco’s trademark roles during this period were Giordano’s Andrea Chénier and Verdi’s Otello.

He first tackled Otello in 1950 and kept refining his interpretation throughout his career. It is said that he sang Otello an astonishing 427 times. However, the book published by Elisabetta Romagnolo, Mario Del Monaco, Monumentum aere perennius, Azzali 2002, lists only 218 appearances by him as Otello, which is a more realistic figure. Aptly, the tenor was buried in his Otello costume. Although Otello was his best role, throughout his career, Del Monaco sang a number of other roles with great acclaim, for example: Canio in Pagliacci (Leoncavallo), Radames in Aida (Verdi), Don Jose in Carmen (Bizet), Chenier in Andrea Chénier (Giordano), Manrico in Il trovatore (Verdi), Samson in Samson and Delilah (Saint-Saëns), and Don Alvaro in La forza del destino (Verdi).

Del Monaco made his first recordings in Milan in 1948 for HMV. Later, he was partnered by Renata Tebaldi in a long series of Verdi and Puccini operas recorded for Decca. On the same label was his 1969 recording of Giordano’s Fedora, opposite Magda Olivero and Tito Gobbi.

His ringing voice and virile appearance earned him the nickname of the ”Brass Bull of Milan”.Despite his idiomatic phrasing, he was still widely criticized for being unsubtle and unyielding in his vocal interpretations. In this regard, the soprano Magda Olivero noted in a recent interview that:

”When Del Monaco and I sang Francesca da Rimini together at La Scala [in 1959] he explained his whole vocal technique to me. When he finished I said, ”My dear Del Monaco, if I had to put into practice all the things you’ve told me, I’d stop singing right away and just disappear.” The technique was so complicated: you push the larynx down, then you push this up, then you do that—in short, it made my head spin just to hear everything he did.

”We recorded Francesca excerpts together [in 1969]. Francesca has a beautiful phrase, ”Paolo, datemi pace,” marked ”piano,” and then Paolo enters with ”Inghirlandata di violette,” which also should be sung softly, delicately. Instead, Del Monaco was terrible—he bellowed the phrase [she imitates him and laughs]! When he listened to the playback he exclaimed, ”I can’t believe it! After that soft poetic phrase I come in and what do I sound like—a boxer punching with his fists!” He recorded the phrase again, but the second attempt was more or less the same because he was incapable of singing piano. He was furious with himself because he wanted to. He tried everything, but his technique would not permit him to sing softly since it totally was based on the muscles.” 

In 1975 he retired from the stage. He died in Mestre as a result of nephritis.

Del Monaco belonged to a once flourishing lineage of dramatic tenors born in Italy. Famous predecessors of his included Francesco Tamagno, Francesco Signorini, Giuseppe Borgatti, Giovanni Zenatello, Edoardo Ferrari-Fontana, Bernardo de Muro, Giovanni Martinelli, Aureliano Pertile and Francesco Merli, among others.

His niece Donella Del Monaco, a soprano, is the singer of Opus Avantra.

Metropolitan Opera

[Met Performance] CID:155190
Manon Lescaut {80}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/27/1950
Debut: Mario Del Monaco
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158000 
New production
Aida {530}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/13/1951
Opening Night {67}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
Debuts: George London, Elena Nikolaidi, Janet Collins
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158020
Aida {531}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/17/1951
[Met Performance] CID:158050
Aida {532}
American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 11/20/1951
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158070
Aida {533}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/22/1951
Debut: Nell Rankin
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158110
Aida {534}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/26/1951
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158240
Aida {535}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/8/1951
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158270
Aida {536}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/12/1951
[Met Performance] CID:158290 
Cavalleria Rusticana {355} Pagliacci {394}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/14/1951
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158430
Cavalleria Rusticana {356} Pagliacci {395}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/27/1951
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158460
Aida {538}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/29/1951
[Met Performance] CID:158500
Lucia di Lammermoor {256}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/3/1952
Review
[Met Performance] CID:158790
Aida {540}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/1952
[Met Performance] CID:158960 
Otello {107}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/15/1952
Review
[Met Performance] CID:159010
Carmen {469}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/1952
Review
[Met Performance] CID:159030
Aida {542}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/21/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159100
Aida {543}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159210
Aida {544}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/8/1952
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:159240
Il Trovatore {266}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/11/1952
Review
[Met Performance] CID:159310
Carmen {472}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/17/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159390
Carmen {473}
Lyric Theatre, Baltimore, Maryland; 03/25/1952
Review
[Met Performance] CID:159420
Carmen {474}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/28/1952
Review
[Met Performance] CID:159450
Aida {545}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/31/1952
Review
[Met Performance] CID:159520
Carmen {475}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/5/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159600
Aida {546}
Music Hall, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/14/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159680
Aida {547}
Boston Opera House, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/21/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159750
Cavalleria Rusticana {362} Pagliacci {401}
Boston Opera House, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/26/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159770
Aida {548}
Washington, D.C.; 04/28/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159840
Aida {550}
Fox Theatre, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/3/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159870
Carmen {480}
Memphis, Tennessee; 05/7/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159890
Aida {551}
Dallas, Texas; 05/9/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159930
Cavalleria Rusticana {363} Pagliacci {402}
Houston, Texas; 05/12/1952
[Met Performance] CID:159950
Aida {552}
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; 05/14/1952
[Met Performance] CID:160010
Aida {553}
Bloomington, Indiana; 05/19/1952
[Met Performance] CID:160040
Aida {554}
Kiel Auditorium, St. Louis, Missouri; 05/22/1952
[Met Performance] CID:160080
Aida {555}
Toronto, Canada; 05/26/1952
[Met Performance] CID:161060
Carmen {488}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/19/1952
[Met Performance] CID:161170
Carmen {489}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/29/1952
[Met Performance] CID:161210
La Forza del Destino {62}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/4/1952
[Met Performance] CID:161270
La Forza del Destino {63}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/10/1952
[Met Performance] CID:161330
La Gioconda {165}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/16/1952
Debuts: Rex Cooper, John Nola
Review
[Met Performance] CID:161420
La Gioconda {166}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/25/1952
[Met Performance] CID:161470
Carmen {493}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/30/1952
[Met Performance] CID:161520
Tosca {306}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/3/1953
[Met Performance] CID:161570
Aida {557}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/9/1953
[Met Performance] CID:161620
Aida {558}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/14/1953
[Met Performance] CID:161640
La Gioconda {168}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/16/1953
[Met Performance] CID:161690
Cavalleria Rusticana {364} Pagliacci {403}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/21/1953
[Met Performance] CID:161730
Aida {560}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/24/1953
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:161770
La Gioconda {169}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/1953
[Met Performance] CID:161810  Opera News
Carmen {496}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/31/1953
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:161850
Cavalleria Rusticana {365} Pagliacci {404}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/3/1953
[Met Performance] CID:161870
Aida {561}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/5/1953
[Met Performance] CID:161910
Aida {562}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/9/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162020
La Forza del Destino {65}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162130
Aida {563}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/28/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162200
La Forza del Destino {66}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162370
La Forza del Destino {67}
Lyric Theatre, Baltimore, Maryland; 03/24/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162450
Aida {565}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/31/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162490  Opera News
Cavalleria Rusticana {368} Pagliacci {407}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/4/1953
Broadcast
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:162520
Metropolitan Opera Jamboree
New York, Manhattan, Ritz Theater; 04/6/1953
Broadcast /Telecast
[Met Performance] CID:162570
Cavalleria Rusticana {369} Pagliacci {408}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/10/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162620
Carmen {501}
Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/15/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162690
Carmen {502}
Boston Opera House, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/21/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162790
Cavalleria Rusticana {370} Pagliacci {409}
Capitol Theatre, Washington, D.C.; 04/28/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162840
Tosca {313}
Fox Theatre, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/2/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162860
Aida {567}
Auditorium, Birmingham, Alabama; 05/5/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162880
Aida {568}
Ellis Auditorium, Memphis, Tennessee; 05/7/1953
[Met Performance] CID:162930
Carmen {504}
Auditorium, Houston, Texas; 05/11/1953
[Met Performance] CID:163040
Tosca {315}
Eastman Theatre, Rochester, New York; 05/21/1953
[Met Performance] CID:163080
Tosca {316}
Forum Amphitheatre, Montreal Canada; 05/24/1953
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:167000 Chapter: Opening Night Telecast
Gala Opening
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/8/1954
Opening Night {70}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
Telecast
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:167060
New production
Andrea Chénier {57}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/16/1954
Debut: Louis Sgarro, Frederick Fox
Review
[Met Performance] CID:167110
Aida {579}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/20/1954
Debuts: Mia Slavenska, Larry Boyette, Louis Kosman
Review
[Met Performance] CID:167130  
Andrea Chénier {58}
Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 11/23/1954
Review
[Met Performance] CID:167180
Cavalleria Rusticana {375} Pagliacci {414}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/27/1954
[Met Performance] CID:167200
Aida {580}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/30/1954
Review
[Met Performance] CID:167240
Andrea Chénier {59}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/4/1954
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:167300
Andrea Chénier {60}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/10/1954
Review
[Met Performance] CID:167340
Andrea Chénier {61}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/14/1954
[Met Performance] CID:167830 
Otello {111}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/31/1955
Debut: Renata Tebaldi
Review
[Met Performance] CID:167880
Carmen {520}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/5/1955
Broadcast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:167940
Otello {112}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/11/1955
[Met Performance] CID:167970
Cavalleria Rusticana {380} Pagliacci {419}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/14/1955
[Met Performance] CID:168070
Andrea Chénier {64}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/23/1955
[Met Performance] CID:168130
Otello {113}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/1/1955
[Met Performance] CID:168180
Otello {114}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/5/1955
[Met Performance] CID:168250
Otello {115}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/12/1955
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:168300
Otello {116}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/17/1955
Review
[Met Performance] CID:168430
Andrea Chénier {66}
Lyric Theatre, Baltimore, Maryland; 03/28/1955
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:168500
Gala Performance
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/2/1955
[Met Performance] CID:168550
Carmen {523}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/7/1955
[Met Performance] CID:173000 
Norma {58}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/29/1956
Opening Night {72}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
Debut: Maria Callas
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:173040
Norma {59}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/3/1956
[Met Performance] CID:173070
Norma {60}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/7/1956
[Met Performance] CID:173110
Norma {61}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/10/1956
[Met Performance] CID:173230
New production
Ernani {24}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/23/1956
Debuts: Melissa Hayden, Esteban Frances
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:173280
Ernani {25}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/28/1956
[Met Performance] CID:173480
Ernani {26}
American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 12/18/1956
[Met Performance] CID:173530
Ernani {27}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/22/1956
[Met Performance] CID:173590  Opera News
Ernani {28}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/29/1956
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:173640
Ernani {29}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/3/1957
Review
[Met Performance] CID:173730
Carmen {542}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/12/1957
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:173760
Ernani {30}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/15/1957
Debut: Michael Maule
[Met Performance] CID:173810
Carmen {543}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/19/1957
Review
[Met Performance] CID:173830
Ernani {31}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/21/1957
[Met Performance] CID:173870
Carmen {544}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/25/1957
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:350762
Ed Sullivan Show: Madama Butterfly: Act I scene
01/27/1957
Telecast
[Met Performance] CID:176110
Andrea Chénier {81}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/9/1957
Debut: Mario Sereni
Review
[Met Performance] CID:176160
Andrea Chénier {82}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/15/1957
[Met Performance] CID:176190
Andrea Chénier {83}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/18/1957
[Met Performance] CID:177250
Otello {118}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:177360  Opera News
Otello {119}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/8/1958
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:177410 
Samson et Dalila {97}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/13/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:177460
Otello {120}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/17/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:177510
Samson et Dalila {98}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/21/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:177550
Otello {121}
Lyric Theatre, Baltimore, Maryland; 03/25/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177590
Otello {122}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/28/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177620
Samson et Dalila {99}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/31/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177720
Otello {123}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/9/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177750  Opera News
Samson et Dalila {100}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/12/1958
Debut: Edith Jerell
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:177810
Otello {124}
Metropolitan Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts; 04/18/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177870
Samson et Dalila {101}
Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/23/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177910
Otello {125}
Public Auditorium, Cleveland, Ohio; 04/26/1958
[Met Performance] CID:177990
Madama Butterfly {367}
Fox Theatre, Atlanta, Georgia; 05/3/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178000
Samson et Dalila {102}
Auditorium, Birmingham, Alabama; 05/5/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178040
Samson et Dalila {103}
Fair Park Auditorium, Dallas, Texas; 05/9/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178110
Samson et Dalila {104}
Kiel Auditorium, St. Louis, Missouri; 05/15/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178150
Samson et Dalila {105}
Northrop Memorial Auditorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 05/18/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178220
Samson et Dalila {106}
Civic Opera House, Chicago, Illinois; 05/24/1958
[Met Performance] CID:178280
Samson et Dalila {107}
Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, Canada; 05/29/1958
[Met Performance] CID:180000 
Tosca {382}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/27/1958
Opening Night {74}
Rudolf Bing, General Manager
Review
[Met Performance] CID:180110
New productions
Cavalleria Rusticana {391} Pagliacci {430}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/7/1958
Debuts: Primo Zambruno, José Quintero, William Starling
Review
[Met Performance] CID:180140
Cavalleria Rusticana {392} Pagliacci {431}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/10/1958
Debut: Max Alperstein
[Met Performance] CID:180190
Otello {126}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/15/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:180240
Cavalleria Rusticana {393} Pagliacci {432}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/20/1958
[Met Performance] CID:180280
Otello {127}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/24/1958
[Met Performance] CID:180320
Cavalleria Rusticana {394} Pagliacci {433}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/28/1958
[Met Performance] CID:180360
Cavalleria Rusticana {395}
Pagliacci {434}

American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 12/2/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:180430
Otello {128}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/9/1958
Review
[Met Performance] CID:180550
Otello {129}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/20/1958
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:180580
Cavalleria Rusticana {396} Pagliacci {435}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/23/1958
[Met Performance] CID:180640
Otello {130}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/28/1958
[Met Performance] CID:180700
Cavalleria Rusticana {397} Pagliacci {436}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/3/1959
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:209890
La Gioconda {207}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/27/1967
Review
[Met Performance] CID:247060 
Il Trittico {29}
Il Tabarro {33}
Suor Angelica {29}
Gianni Schicchi {93}

Metropolitan Opera House; 10/15/1976
Debuts: Hildegard Behrens, Gianfranco Cecchele, Josella Ligi, Neil Shicoff
Review
[Met Performance] CID:275700
New Production
Francesca da Rimini {12}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/9/1984
Debuts: Piero Faggioni, Ezio Frigerio, Franca Squarciapino
Review
[Met Performance] CID:290000
Otello {255}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/21/1987
Opening Night {103}
Bruce Crawford, General Manager
Review
[Met Performance] CID:306170
New Production
La Fanciulla del West {76}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/10/1991
Debut: Perry Ward, Kim Josephson, Hao Jiang Tian, Leonard Slatkin, Giancarlo Del Monaco, Michael Scott
[Met Performance] CID:306210
La Fanciulla del West {77}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/14/1991
[Met Performance] CID:306250
La Fanciulla del West {78}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/18/1991
[Met Performance] CID:306300
La Fanciulla del West {79}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/23/1991
Review
[Met Performance] CID:306330
La Fanciulla del West {80}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/26/1991
[Met Performance] CID:306360
La Fanciulla del West {81}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/29/1991
[Met Performance] CID:307210
Turandot {163}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/23/1992
Review
[Met Performance] CID:307900
La Fanciulla del West {82}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/1/1992
Debut: Yanni Yannissis
[Met Performance] CID:307940
La Fanciulla del West {83}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/4/1992
[Met Performance] CID:307950
La Fanciulla del West {84}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/6/1992
Debut: Mary Jane Johnson
[Met Performance] CID:307980
La Fanciulla del West {85}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/8/1992
Broadcast / Telecast
[Met Performance] CID:308010
La Fanciulla del West {86}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/11/1992
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:308060
La Fanciulla del West {87}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/16/1992
[Met Performance] CID:311530
La Fanciulla del West {88}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/22/1993
[Met Performance] CID:314230
Metropolitan Opera Premiere
Stiffelio {1}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/21/1993
Debuts: Peter Riberi, Margaret Lattimore
Review
[Met Performance] CID:314270
Stiffelio {2}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/25/1993
[Met Performance] CID:314300
Stiffelio {3}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/28/1993
[Met Performance] CID:314340
Stiffelio {4}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/1/1993
[Met Performance] CID:314400
Stiffelio {5}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/6/1993
[Met Performance] CID:314430
Stiffelio {6}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/10/1993
[Met Performance] CID:314460
Stiffelio {7}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/13/1993
Broadcast / Telecast
[Met Performance] CID:318640
New Production
Madama Butterfly {691}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/1/1994
Debut: Pierre Lefèbvre, Alyssa Aftab, Daniele Gatti
Review
[Met Performance] CID:318680
Madama Butterfly {692}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/5/1994
[Met Performance] CID:318840
Madama Butterfly {696}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/21/1994
Telecast
[Met Performance] CID:351862
New Production
Simon Boccanegra {105}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/19/1995
[Met Performance] CID:319170
Simon Boccanegra {106}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/23/1995
[Met Performance] CID:319200 
Simon Boccanegra {107}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/26/1995
Telecast
[Met Performance] CID:319240
Simon Boccanegra {108}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/30/1995
[Met Performance] CID:319270
Simon Boccanegra {109}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/2/1995
[Met Performance] CID:319460
Simon Boccanegra {110}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/21/1995
[Met Performance] CID:319510
Simon Boccanegra {111}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/25/1995
[Met Performance] CID:319540
Simon Boccanegra {112}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/28/1995
Debut: Roberto Scandiuzzi
[Met Performance] CID:319570
Simon Boccanegra {113}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/3/1995
[Met Performance] CID:319600
Simon Boccanegra {114}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/6/1995
[Met Performance] CID:319650 Opera News
Simon Boccanegra {115}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/11/1995
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:319710
Simon Boccanegra {116}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/16/1995
[Met Performance] CID:323300
Madama Butterfly {712}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/12/1996
Debut: Igor Kirillin
[Met Performance] CID:323470
New Production
La Forza del Destino {211}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/29/1996
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:323600 
La Forza del Destino {214}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/12/1996
Broadcast / Telecast
[Met Performance] CID:323860
New Production
Andrea Chénier {152}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/6/1996
Debuts: Michael Chioldi, Larissa Diadkova, Nicolas Joël, Hubert Monloup
Review
[Met Performance] CID:327830
Madama Butterfly {720}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/31/1997
Debut: Michèle Crider
[Met Performance] CID:327870
Madama Butterfly {721}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/4/1997
[Met Performance] CID:327910
Madama Butterfly {722}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/8/1997
Debut: Walter Fraccaro
[Met Performance] CID:327940
Madama Butterfly {723}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/11/1997
[Met Performance] CID:327990
Madama Butterfly {724}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/16/1997
Debuts: Elizabeth Canis, Jane Dutton
[Met Performance] CID:328040
Madama Butterfly {725}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/21/1997
[Met Performance] CID:328070
Madama Butterfly {726}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/24/1997
[Met Performance] CID:328120
Madama Butterfly {727}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/29/1997
[Met Performance] CID:328150
Madama Butterfly {728}
Metropolitan Opera House; 05/2/1997
[Met Performance] CID:330453
Madama Butterfly {729}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/1998
Debut: Emily Cardea
[Met Performance] CID:330468
Madama Butterfly {730}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330477
Madama Butterfly {731}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/1998
Debut: Martin Thompson
[Met Performance] CID:330486
Madama Butterfly {732}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/2/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330501
Madama Butterfly {733}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/7/1998
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:330516
Madama Butterfly {734}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/12/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330537
Madama Butterfly {735}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/19/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330549
Stiffelio {12}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/23/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330561
Stiffelio {13}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/27/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330570
Madama Butterfly {736}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/30/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330573
Stiffelio {14}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/31/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330582
Madama Butterfly {737}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/3/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330585
Stiffelio {15}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/4/1998
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:330594
Stiffelio {16}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/7/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330600
Madama Butterfly {738}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/9/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330603
Stiffelio {17}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/10/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330615
Madama Butterfly {739}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/14/1998
[Met Performance] CID:330624
Madama Butterfly {740}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/17/1998
[Met Concert/Gala] CID:331327
Gala Performance
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/17/1999
[Met Performance] CID:331351
Simon Boccanegra {117}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/25/1999
Debut: Alexandru Agache
[Met Performance] CID:331363
Simon Boccanegra {118}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/1999
[Met Performance] CID:331372
Simon Boccanegra {119}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/1/1999
[Met Performance] CID:331387 Opera News 1 Opera News 2
Simon Boccanegra {120}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/6/1999
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:331396
Simon Boccanegra {121}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/9/1999
[Met Performance] CID:331411
Simon Boccanegra {122}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/13/1999
[Met Performance] CID:332300
Madama Butterfly {741}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/6/2000
Debuts: Sylvie Valayre, Richard Hobson, Thomas Batuello, Maria Zifchak, Salvatore Rosselli, Marcello Viotti
[Met Performance] CID:332312
Madama Butterfly {742}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/10/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332324
Madama Butterfly {743}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/14/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332336
Madama Butterfly {744}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/18/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332351
Madama Butterfly {745}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/22/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332372
Madama Butterfly {746}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332408
Madama Butterfly {747}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/11/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332417
Madama Butterfly {748}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/14/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332429
Madama Butterfly {749}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/18/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332444
Madama Butterfly {750}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/23/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332453 Opera News 1 Opera News 2
Madama Butterfly {751}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/26/2000
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:332465
Madama Butterfly {752}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/1/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332477
Madama Butterfly {753}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/4/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332693
Madama Butterfly {754}
New York, Queens, Cunningham Park; 06/14/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332699
Madama Butterfly {755}
New York, Bronx, Van Cortland Park; 06/17/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332702
Madama Butterfly {756}
New York, Manhattan, Central Park, Great Lawn; 06/20/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332708
Madama Butterfly {757}
Montclair, New Jersey, Brookdale Park; 06/23/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332714
Madama Butterfly {758}
New York, Staten Island, Gateway-NRA, Miller Field; 06/27/2000
[Met Performance] CID:332720
Madama Butterfly {759}
New Haven, Connecticut, New Haven Green; 06/30/2000
[Met Performance] CID:350137
Madama Butterfly {760}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/01/2001
Debut: Fiorenza Cedolins, Michael Kigawa
[Met Performance] CID:350138
Madama Butterfly {761]
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/06/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350139
Madama Butterfly {762}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/10/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350140
Madama Butterfly {763}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/14/2001
Debut: Jesse Dembo
[Met Performance] CID:350141
Madama Butterfly {764}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/17/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350142
Madama Butterfly {765}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/24/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350143
Madama Butterfly {766}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/29/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350144
Madama Butterfly {767}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/04/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350145
Madama Butterfly {768}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/07/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350146
Madama Butterfly {769}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/10/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350147
Madama Butterfly {770}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/14/2001
[Met Performance] CID:350148
Madama Butterfly {771}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/23/2002
[Met Performance] CID:350149
Madama Butterfly {772}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/27/2002
[Met Performance] CID:350150 Opera News 1 Opera News 2
Madama Butterfly {773}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/30/2002
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:350151
Madama Butterfly {774}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/04/2002
[Met Performance] CID:350873 
Madama Butterfly {775}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/12/2004
Debut: Marco Berti, Lance Chantiles-Wertz
[Met Performance] CID:350877
Madama Butterfly {776}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/16/2004
[Met Performance] CID:350886
Madama Butterfly {777}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/20/2004
[Met Performance] CID:350881
Madama Butterfly {778}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/24/2004
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:350889
Madama Butterfly {779}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/2004
Debut: Felicia Vasquez
[Met Performance] CID:350893
Madama Butterfly {780}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/31/2004
[Met Performance] CID:350944
Madama Butterfly {781}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/25/2004
Debut: Liping Zhang
[Met Performance] CID:350957
Madama Butterfly {782}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/30/2004
Debut: Lucy Schaufer
[Met Performance] CID:350960
Madama Butterfly {783}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/02/2004
[Met Performance] CID:350967
Madama Butterfly {784}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/08/2004
[Met Performance] CID:350972
Madama Butterfly {785}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/13/2004
[Met Performance] CID:350975
Madama Butterfly {786}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/16/2004
[Met Performance] CID:351017
Madama Butterfly {790}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/22/2004
Debut: Emmanuel Villaume, Felicia Velazquez
[Met Performance] CID:351020
Madama Butterfly {791}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/25/2004
[Met Performance] CID:351025
Madama Butterfly {792}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/30/2004
[Met Performance] CID:351139
Madama Butterfly {793}
Metropolitan Opera House; 1/28/2005
[Met Performance] CID:351142
Madama Butterfly {794}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/31/2005
[Met Performance] CID:351146
Madama Butterfly {795}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/04/2005
Debut: Nancy Fabiola Herrera, Francis Kigawa
[Met Performance] CID:351154
Madama Butterfly {796}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/10/2005
[Met Performance] CID:351161
Madama Butterfly {797}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/16/2005
[Met Performance] CID:351170
Madama Butterfly {798}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/23/2005
[Met Performance] CID:351175
Madama Butterfly {799}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/26/2005
[Met Performance] CID:351437 
La Forza del Destino {221}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/20/2006
[Met Performance] CID:351441
La Forza del Destino {222}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/24/2006
[Met Performance] CID:351445
La Forza del Destino {223}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/28/2006
[Met Performance] CID:351450
La Forza del Destino {224}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/04/2006
[Met Performance] CID:351452
La Forza del Destino {225}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/07/2006
[Met Performance] CID:351456 
La Forza del Destino {226}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/11/2006
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:351460
La Forza del Destino {227}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/15/2006
Debut: Mary Phillips
[Met Performance] CID:351464
La Forza del Destino {228}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/18/2006
[Met Performance] CID:351469
La Forza del Destino {229}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/23/2006
[Met Performance] CID:351555 
New Production
Madama Butterfly {800}
Metropolitan Opera House; 09/25/2006
Opening Night {122}
Peter Gelb, General Manager
Debuts: Anthony Minghella, Carolyn Choa, Han Feng, Peter Mumford, Blind Summit Theatre, Keith Miller, Mark Down, Nick Barnes, Finn Caldwell, Hsin Ping Chang, Tom Yang
Broadcast/Times Squarecast/Plazacast
Review
[Met Performance] CID:319120 
Simon Boccanegra {123}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/19/2007
Broadcast/Streamed
Review
[Met Performance] CID:351876
Simon Boccanegra {124}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/23/2007
[Met Performance] CID:351869
Simon Boccanegra {125}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/27/2007
[Met Performance] CID:351884 
Simon Boccanegra {126}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/03/2007
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:351894
Simon Boccanegra {127}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/06/2007
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:351900
Simon Boccanegra {128}
Metropolitan Opera House; 03/09/2007
[Met Performance] CID:353294 
Stiffelio {18}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/11/2010
Debut: Michael Fabiano
Broadcast/Streamed
[Met Performance] CID:353305
Stiffelio {19}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/14/2010
[Met Performance] CID:353312 
Simon Boccanegra {129}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/18/2010
Broadcast/Streamed
[Met Performance] CID:353315
Stiffelio {20}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/19/2010
[Met Performance] CID:353322
Simon Boccanegra {130}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/22/2010
[Met Performance] CID:353324
Stiffelio {21}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/23/2010
[Met Performance] CID:353325
Simon Boccanegra {131}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/25/2010
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:353329
Stiffelio {22}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/26/2010
[Met Performance] CID:353334
Simon Boccanegra {132}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/29/2010
[Met Performance] CID:353335
Stiffelio {23}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/30/2010
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:353345
Simon Boccanegra {133}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/02/2010
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:353351 
Simon Boccanegra {134}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/06/2010
HD Simulcast
[Met Performance] CID:353661 
La Fanciulla del West {96}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/06/2010
Debuts: Hugo Vera, Edward Mout
Broadcat/Streamed
Review
[Met Performance] CID:353675
La Fanciulla del West {97}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/10/2010
100th Anniversary of the world premiere at the Metropolitan Opera
[Met Performance] CID:353682
La Fanciulla del West {98}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/14/2010
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:353690
La Fanciulla del West {99}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/18/2010
[Met Performance] CID:353700
La Fanciulla del West {100}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/22/2010
Debut: Elisabete Matos
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:353707
La Fanciulla del West {101}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/27/2010
Debut: Carl Tanner
[Met Performance] CID:353717
La Fanciulla del West {102}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/30/2010
[Met Performance] CID:353722
La Fanciulla del West {103}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/03/2011
Broadcast/Streamed
[Met Performance] CID:353735 
La Fanciulla del West {104}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/08/2011
HD Simulcast
[Met Performance] CID:353758 
Simon Boccanegra {135}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/20/2011
Debuts: Roberto De Biasio, Nicola Alaimo
Broadcast/Streamed
[Met Performance] CID:353767
Simon Boccanegra {136}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/24/2011
[Met Performance] CID:353776
Simon Boccanegra {137}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/28/2011
[Met Performance] CID:353780
Simon Boccanegra {138}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/01/2011
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:353791
Simon Boccanegra {139}
Metropolitan Opera House; 02/05/2011
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:356410
Simon Boccanegra {140}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/01/2016
Broadcast/Streamed
[Met Performance] CID:356417
Simon Boccanegra {141}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/05/2016
[Met Performance] CID:356423 
Simon Boccanegra {142}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/09/2016
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:356432
Simon Boccanegra {143}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/13/2016
[Met Performance] CID:356436
Simon Boccanegra {144}
Metropolitan Opera House; 04/16/2016
[Met Performance] CID:357009
La Fanciulla del West {105}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/04/2018
Debuts: Alok Kumar, Adrian Timpau
[Met Performance] CID:357013
La Fanciulla del West {106}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/08/2018
[Met Performance] CID:357018
La Fanciulla del West {107}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/12/2018
Broadcast/Streamed
[Met Performance] CID:357024
La Fanciulla del West {108}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/17/2018
Debut: James Creswell
[Met Performance] CID:357027
La Fanciulla del West {109}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/20/2018
[Met Performance] CID:357031
La Fanciulla del West {110}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/23/2018
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:357033 
La Fanciulla del West {111}
Metropolitan Opera House; 10/27/2018
HD Transmission

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