Melbourne operastad vid Yarra i Australien

Melbourne operastad vid Yarra i Australien
Melbourne operastad vid Yarra i Australien

Melbourne operastad vid Yarra i Australien

Melbourne, huvudstad i den australiska delstaten Victoria, är en hamnstad i sydöstra Australien. Det är Australiens näst största stad med drygt 3,9 miljoner invånare.

Melbourne var huvudstad i Australien mellan 1 januari 1901, då federationen bildades, och 9 maj 1927, då parlamentshuset i Canberra togs i bruk. Staden genomkorsas av floden Yarra.

Melbourne och Sydney har i hela Australiens moderna historia varit de två konkurrerande storstäderna och medan Sydney är det ekonomiska centret i federationen, så har Melbourne blivit den kulturella medelpunkten. En annan viktig skillnad städerna emellan är arkitekturen och stadsplaneringen. Sydney har med tiden fått en mer metropolartad struktur, vilket gör den mer oöverskådlig, medan Melbourne åtminstone i stadskärnan behållit mer av den brittiska koloniala stadsplaneringen. Gatorna är raka och geografiskt mycket jämnt fördelade, vilket gör det lätt att ta sig fram. Bland de mer kända byggnaderna i Melbourne kan nämnas Eureka Tower.

Melbourne grundas

Melbourne grundades år 1835 av självständiga nybyggare på stränderna av Yarrafloden. Staden blev snabbt ett viktigt centrum i regionen, och guldrushen i Victoria på 1850-talet gjorde Melbourne till Australiens största och viktigaste stad under andra halvan av 1800-talet, innan rollen övertogs av Sydney. På grund av konkurrensen mellan de två jämnstarka städerna förlades den politiska verkställande makten i den självständiga staten till Canberra, en stad som grundades mitt emellan de båda städerna.

Under andra världskriget låg de Allierades huvudkvarter för krigsoperationerna i Stilla havet under några år i Melbourne samtidigt som kriget gav produktionen i staden ett så pass stort uppsving att det blev Australiens viktigaste industristad. Melbourne var arrangörsort vid Olympiska sommarspelen 1956, vilket ytterligare befäste Melbournes position som kulturellt och idrottsligt centrum.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Melbourne  is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania.  The name “Melbourne” refers to the area of urban agglomeration (as well as a census statistical division) spanning 9,900 km2 (3,800 sq mi) which comprises the broader metropolitan area, as well as being the common name for its city centre. The metropolis is located on the large natural bay of Port Phillip and expands into the hinterlands toward the Dandenong and Macedon mountain ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. Melbourne consists of 31 municipalities.  It has a population of 4,442,918 as of 2014,  and its inhabitants are called Melburnians.

Founded

Founded by free settlers from the British Crown colony of Van Diemen’s Land on 30 August 1835, in what was then the colony of New South Wales,  it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837.  It was named “Melbourne” by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Richard Bourke, in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.  It was officially declared a city by Queen Victoria in 1847,  after which it became the capital of the newly founded colony of Victoria in 1851.[11] During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was transformed into one of the world’s largest and wealthiest cities.  After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as the nation’s interim seat of government until 1927.

Melbourne as a cultural city

Melbourne rates highly in education, entertainment, health care, research and development, tourism and sport,  making it the world’s most livable city—for the fifth year in a row in 2015, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit.  It is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region, and ranks among the top 30 cities in the world in the Global Financial Centres Index.  Referred to as Australia’s “cultural capital”,  it is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries, and Australian contemporary dance such as the Melbourne Shuffle. It is recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a major centre for street art, music and theatre. It is home to many of Australia’s largest and oldest cultural institutions such as the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria, the State Library of Victoria and the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building.

Airport

The main passenger airport serving the metropolis and the state is Melbourne Airport (also called Tullamarine Airport), which is the second busiest in Australia, and the Port of Melbourne is Australia’s busiest seaport for containerised and general cargo.  Melbourne has an extensive transport network. The main metropolitan train terminus is Flinders Street Station, and the main regional train and coach terminus is Southern Cross Station. Melbourne is also home to Australia’s most extensive freeway network and has the world’s largest urban tram network.

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Länkar till operahus i Melbourne

Opera Australia is Australia’s national opera company, presenting more than 700 performances and playing to more than half a million people each year.
Opera is a vital part of Australia’s cultural landscape. We perform the world’s best loved operas under the iconic sails of the Sydney Opera House and at Arts Centre Melbourne, as well as in school halls and outback towns, on Sydney Harbour and the Gold Coast beach. Our performances are broadcast in cinemas, on national television and ABC radio. We also present lavish musicals and concerts around the country.
We bring exciting international talent to the Australian stage, and support the careers of hundreds of Australian singers, musicians and artisans.

Melbourne Opera

Opera Australia

Victorian Opera

Melbourne International Arts Festival

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