Ostrava stad i Tjeckien med operascen

Marktplats i Ostrava

Ostrava stad i Tjeckien med operascen

Ostrava är Tjeckiens tredje största stad och är huvudort för Mähren-Schlesien. Staden kallas även Moravská Ostrava för att skilja staden från Slezská Ostrava, Schlesiska Ostrava på den östra sidan av floden. De båda städerna slogs samman 1941 och utgör idag stadsdelar i storstaden Ostrava.

Folkmängden i centralkommunen uppgick till 295 653 invånare i slutet av 2013, medan storkommunen (så kallad kommun med utökad befogenhet) hade totalt 326 874 invånare vid samma tidpunkt.  Stora kolfyndigheter under 1700-talet gjorde Ostrava till en industristad, men gruvverksamheten upphörde 1994. Fortfarande bedrivs dock gruvdrift i områdena runt om Ostrava, i huvudsak närmare Karviná. Stålproduktionen i Ostrava är fortfarande omfattande även om bland andra Mittal Steel (före detta Ispat Nová Hut’ ) sade upp ett antal tusen anställda. Staden har valt att spara ett stort gammalt stålverk som minnesmärke över svunna tider.

I Ostrava finns pub- och nattklubbsområdet Stodolní ulice med ett femtiotal uteställen.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ostrava  is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region. It is located just a few kilometres from the border with Poland, at the meeting point of four rivers: the Odra, Opava, Ostravice and Lučina. In terms of both population and area Ostrava is the third largest city in the Czech Republic, the second largest city in Moravia, and the largest city in Czech Silesia; it straddles the border of the two historic provinces of Moravia and Silesia. The population is currently around 300 000.[1] The wider conurbation – which also includes the towns of Bohumín, Doubrava, Havířov, Karviná, Orlová, Petřvald and Rychvald – is home to around 500 000 people, making it the largest urban area in the Czech Republic apart from the capital Prague. Ostrava grew to prominence thanks to its position at the heart of a major coalfield, becoming an important industrial centre. It used to be nicknamed the country’s “steel heart” thanks to its status as a coal-mining and metallurgical centre, but since the Velvet revolution (the fall of communism in 1989) it has undergone radical and far-reaching changes to its economic base. Industries have been thoroughly restructured, and the last coal was mined in the city in 1994. However, the city’s industrial past lives on in the Lower Vítkovice area, a former coal-mining, coke production and ironworks complex in the city centre boasting a unique collection of historic industrial architecture. Lower Vítkovice has applied for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Since the 1990s Ostrava has been transformed into a modern cultural city, with numerous theatres, galleries and other cultural facilities. It hosts a wide range of cultural and sporting events throughout the year. Among the best known are the Colours of Ostrava multi-genre music festival, the Janáček May classical music festival, the Summer Shakespeare Festival and NATO Days. Ostrava is home to two public universities – the VŠB-Technical University and the University of Ostrava. In 2014 Ostrava was a European City of Sport. In 2015 the city co-hosted (with Prague) the IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship.

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Länk till National Moravian-Silesian Theatre

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