Plácido Domingo mexikanskfödd tenor

Plácido Domingo mexikanskfödd tenor

Plácido Domingo mexikanskfödd tenor

Han anses vara en av de mest begåvade och hårdast arbetande musikerna med 146 roller i repertoaren (juli 2015), fler än någon annan tenor. Han är också beundrad för sin skådespelarförmåga, sin musikalitet och skarpa musikaliska intellekt. Det imponerande antalet och varierande rollerna som han behärskat.  Hans namn betyder ungefär fridfull söndag.

Domingos föräldrar var zarzuelasångare. När han var åtta år flyttade de till Mexiko där han studerade sång, piano och dirigering. 1957 debuterade han i en barytonroll i en zarzuela. Men han lade snart om rösten och sjöng 1961 Alfredo i Verdis La traviata i Monterrey i Mexiko. Första gången han väckte uppmärksamhet var då han samma år gjorde rollen som Arturo tillsammans med Joan Sutherland i Donizettis Lucia di Lammermoor  i Dallas i USA. Efter att ha sjungit några år på operan i Tel Aviv i Israel kom han 1966 till New York City Opera där han deltog i invigningsföreställningen i Lincoln Center. 1968 sjöng han för första gången på Staatsoper i Hamburg i Tyskland och på Metropolitan i New York i USA. Där han ryckte in för Franco Corelli i Cileas Adriana Lecouvreur och togs emot med sådant jubel att hans stjärnkarriär tog fart.

På 1970-talet etablerade han sig över hela världen som den ledande tenoren (jämsides med Luciano Pavarotti) i det italienska facket. Otello i operan med samma namn, Manrico i Trubaduren och Radamès i Aida, alla av Verdi. Andrea Chénier av Umberto Giordano och många andra partier. Han har även sjungit Lohengrin, Tannhäuser och Walther i Mästersångarna i Nürnberg av Wagner. 1985 avbröt han sin karriär i ett år efter den stora jordbävningen i Mexiko men återvände med oförminskad kraft.

De tre tenorerna

Tillsammans med José Carreras och Luciano Pavarotti blev Domingo känd som en av de ”tre tenorerna”. Tillsammans framträdde och marknadsfördes de intensivt under 1990-talet.

Plácido Domingo är även verksam som dirigent och chef över ett operahus (Los Angeles-operan  i USA).

Plácido Domingo blev 20 februari 2009 den förste mottagaren av Birgit Nilsson-priset på 1 miljon amerikanska dollar.

Plácido Domingo utsågs till hedersledamot av svenska Jussi Björling – sällskapet och Jussi Bjoerling Society i USA 2013

domingoolmarsmedalj
Plácido Domingo utses till hedersledamot i Jussi Björling – Sällskapet av Stefan Olmars – Foto: Carl-Johan Erik Bladin

In English

Plácido Domingo is a world-renowned, multifaceted artist, recognized not only as one of the finest and most influential singing actors in the history of opera. But also as a respected conductor. And as General Director of Los Angeles Opera, he is a major force as an opera administrator. He turned seventy-three in January 2014, but his gifts and energy remain undiminished.

Domingo’s vocal repertoire encompasses 144 stage roles – a number unmatched by any other celebrated tenor in history.  He has recently added the title baritone roles of Verdi’s Simon Boccanegra and Rigoletto to his list of achievements. In the course of the 2009-10 season he appeared as Boccanegra at Berlin Staatsoper, La Scala,  Metropolitan Opera, Covent Garden, and Madrid’s Teatro Real. In September 2010 he took the role of Rigoletto in a live telecast from Mantua, Italy, the city in which the opera’s story takes place. He added some more baritone roles, Athanaël in Thaïs, Francesco Foscari in I Due Foscari, Giorgio Germont in La Traviata. Giacomo in Giovanna d’Arco, Nabucco and Count di Luna in Il Trovatore to his repertoire in 2012 and 2013.)

Recordings

His more than 100 recordings of complete operas, compilations of arias and duets. Crossover discs include Deutsche Grammophon’s anthology of the complete Verdi arias for tenor. EMI’s albums of Wagnerian roles that he has not sung on stage: Siegfried in both Siegfried and Götterdämmerung.   Tristan in a complete recording of Tristan und Isolde. His extensive work in the recording studio has earned him eleven Grammy Awards and two Latin Grammy Awards.   He has won Emmy awards for the television film “Homage to Seville” and for the Met’s “Silver Gala” program. He was the Latin Recording Academy’s Person of the Year in 2010.

Music – Videos

Domingo has also made more than fifty music videos in addition to four feature films of operas: Carmen, La Traviata, Otello and Tosca, and the Mantua Rigoletto. He has conducted many opera performances with the Metropolitan Opera, Covent Garden, Vienna State Opera, and Los Angeles Opera, among many other ensembles.   Symphonic concerts with the Chicago Symphony, National Symphony, London Symphony, Berlin Philharmonic, Orchestre Symphonique de Montréal. And numerous other orchestras. In 1990, Domingo and his colleagues José Carreras and the late Luciano Pavarotti spontaneously formed the Three Tenors. They performed from time to time and with enormous success all over the world and attracted many new fans to opera.

Born in Madrid in 1941 to parents who were zarzuela performers, Plácido Domingo was brought to Mexico at the age of eight. He attended Mexico City’s Conservatory of Music, where he initially studied piano and conducting.  When his vocal talent was discovered he began to take voice lessons as well. At eighteen, he made his debut in a small role (Borsa in Rigoletto) at Mexico’s National Opera.  His first performance as a leading tenor (Alfredo in La Traviata) took place in the city of Monterrey when he was twenty. After having spent three seasons with the Israel National Opera in Tel Aviv, where he sang 280 performances of twelve different roles. He launched his major international career in 1965. Since then he has performed at all of the world’s most prestigious opera houses.

Operalia

In 1993, Domingo founded Operalia, an annual international voice competition. Thishas helped to start the careers of many singers who have since become major figures on the world’s stages. Domingo was also the prime mover behind Washington National Opera’s Domingo-Cafritz Young Artist program and Los Angeles Opera’s Domingo-Colburn-Stein Young Artist Program, both of which are designed to nurture and support the careers of opera’s future standard-bearers. Domingo is also Artistic Advisor for the Youth Orchestra of the Americas.

In his native Spain, Plácido Domingo has been awarded the Gran Cruz de la Orden de Isabel la Católica, the Medalla de la Orden de las Artes y las Letras de España, and the Premio Prinicipe de Asturias de las Artes. In Mexico, where he grew up, he received the Aguila Azteca. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in the United States and the titles of Commandant of the Legion of Honor in France. Honorary Knight of the British Empire, and both Grande Ufficiale and Cavaliere di Gran Croce of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic. He has received honorary doctorates from Oxford University and New York University for his lifelong commitment and contribution to music and the arts.

Birgit Nilsson Prize

In October 2009, King Carl Gustaf of Sweden presented him with the first Birgit Nilsson Prize (at one million dollars, the most generous prize in the world of classical music). For his outstanding achievements in opera. In accepting the award, Domingo said that it would “greatly benefit my annual competition, Operalia.” On November 21, 2012 he was appointed as UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. Plácido Domingo’s appointment comes in recognition for his “exceptional artistic career, his inestimable support for young opera musicians through the Operalia competition. And his dedication to the values and ideals of UNESCO.

He has raised millions of dollars through benefit concerts to aid the victims of Mexico’s devastating 1985 earthquake. Of the floods caused by Hurricane Paulina in Guerrero and Yucatán, also in Mexico and in El Salvador. And of the victims of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans. In 2009, the stage of the Mahalia Jackson Theatre for the Performing Arts was named for him. In 2006, he conducted Verdi’s Requiem Mass in Warsaw, to commemorate the first anniversary of Pope John Paul II’s passing.

Birthday

In 2011, Domingo celebrated not only his 70th birthday but also his 50th anniversary as a singer of leading roles. And the 40th anniversary of his Covent Garden debut. But there are no signs of slowing down: in 2014 he is scheduled to give almost ninety performances, between singing and conducting. In Vienna, Sofia, New York, Valencia, Berlin, Beijing, London, Los Angeles, Madrid, Verona, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago de Chile. Salzburg and Milano. Although he resigned as General Director of Washington National Opera at the end of the 2010-2011 Season. After fifteen years in that position, he continues as General Director of Los Angeles Opera.

Newsweek and other international publications have fittingly described Plácido Domingo as “the King of Opera,” “a true renaissance man in music,” and “the greatest operatic artist of modern times.”

(January 2014)

Upplevda föreställningar

OperaRollOperahusDatum
Simon BoccanegraSimon BoccanegraMetropolitan Operabio6.2.2010
Ifigenia på TaurusOrestesMetropolitan Operabio26.2.2011
Den förtrollade önNeptunMetropolitan Operabio21.1.2012
Galakonsert med MSO

och Ana Maria Martinez

Malmö Arena8.12.2012
I due FoscarisFrancesco FoscariRoyal Operahouse (ROH)27.10.2014

Läs mer

Wikipedia 

Wikipedia In English

Deutsche Grammophone

LA Opera

ROH

OPERALIA

Web-site

 

 

Sammanställt av Mogens H Andersson

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