Plauen är en stad i Vogtlandkreis i Sachsen, Tyskland, nära gränsen till Bayern. Staden har ungefär 69 000 invånare. Den är särskilt berömd för sina spetsar, så kallade plauenspetsar, som marknadsför under varumärket Plauener Spitze.
It is the capital town of the district Vogtlandkreis. The town is situated near the border of Bavaria and the Czech Republic.
The city was founded by Polabian Slavs in the 12th century as “Plawe” and was passed to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1327. The town was captured by the Archbishop of Magdeburg, Lippold von Bredow, in 1384. In 1466, it was passed to Albertine Saxony and later in 1569 to the Electorate of Saxony. P became incorporated into the Kingdom of Saxony in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.
In the late-19th century, P became a centre of textile manufacturing, specializing in lace. Around 1910, Plauen, as an industrial ‘boomtown’ of the region, reached its population peak (1910 census: 121,000, 1912: 128,000).
In the 1930s, P earned the distinction of hosting the first chapter of the Nazi Party outside of Bavaria. P ‘s population, however, has shrunk dramatically since the Second World War (1939: 111,000 inhabitants). It was occupied by American troops in 16 April 1945 but was left to Red Army in 1 July 1945.
From 1945 onwards, P fell into the Soviet occupation zone of Germany, which later became the German Democratic Republic (1949-1990). The city hosted a large Red Army occupation garrison and, in the last years of the GDR (DDR), an officer school of the Border Guards (“Grenztruppen der DDR”). The first mass demonstration against the socialistic regime in the GDR began in Plauen on 7 October 1989; this was the beginning of a series of mass demonstrations across the country and ultimately led to the re-unification of Germany in 1990.
The exposé Fast Food Nation gives special mention to Plauen as the first town of the GDR to have a McDonald’s restaurant following the collapse of the Berlin Wall.
In the district reform of 1 July 2008, Plauen lost its urban district status and was merged into the district Vogtlandkreis.