Plovdiv stad i Bulgarien med operahus
Plovdiv är Bulgariens näst största stad med cirka 380 000 invånare. Staden, som har industrier inom ett flertal olika branscher, är belägen vid floden Maritsa cirka 130 km öster om huvudstaden Sofia.
Plovdiv’s history spans 6,000 years, with traces of a Neolithic settlement dating to roughly 4000 BC, ranking it among the world’s oldest cities. Plovdiv was known in the West for most of its recorded history by the Greek name Philippoupolis (Φιλιππούπολις), which was introduced in 340 BC. The city was originally a Thracian settlement, later becoming invaded by Persians, Macedonians, Celts, Romans, Goths, Huns, Bulgarians, Crusaders, Russians and Ottomans. On 4 January 1878, Plovdiv was liberated from Ottoman rule by the Russian army. It remained within the borders of Bulgaria until July of the same year, when it became the capital of the autonomous Ottoman region of Eastern Rumelia. In 1885, Plovdiv and Eastern Rumelia itself became part of Bulgaria.
Plovdiv is situated in south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River. The city has historically developed on seven syenite hills, some of which are 250 m (820.21 ft) high. Because of these hills, Plovdiv is often referred to in Bulgaria as “The City of the Seven Hills”.
Plòvdiv is host to cultural events such as the International Fair Plovdiv, the international theatrical festival “A stage on a crossroad”, and the TV festival “The golden chest”. There are many remains preserved from antiquity such as the ancient Plovdiv Roman theatre, Roman odeon, Roman aqueduct, Roman Stadium, the archaeological complex Eirene, and others.
The oldest American educational institution outside the United States was founded in Plovdiv in 1860, which was later moved to Sofia – today’s American College of Sofia.
On 5 September 2014, Plovdiv was selected as the Bulgarian host of the European Capital of Culture 2019.