Mainz första operahus öppnades 1833, men blev förstört 1942. Där uruppfördes Pfitzners Der arme Heinrich 1895. Den nuvarande Staatstheater (801 platser) invigdes 1951.
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The Staatstheater Mainz (Mainz State Theatre) is a theatre in Mainz, Germany, which is owned and operated by the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Situated on the Gutenbergplatz, the complex comprises two theatres which are connected by an underground passage and also by skywalk. Performances of opera, drama and ballet are presented.
The main building was constructed between 1829 and 1833 by Georg Moller in the Neo-Classical architectural style. The construction had been requested by the bourgeoisie of the city of Mainz for decades and cost 280,000 guilders (the city’s budget amounted to 300,000 guilders at that time). The theatre’s great hall (Großes Haus) was destroyed by bombing during World War II. Friedrich Meyer-Oertel became director of the theatre in 1968. The small hall (Kleines Haus) was built in 1997. Remedial work from 1976 to 1977 aimed at restoring Moller’s rotunda were undertaken by Dieter Oesterlen. Between 1998 and 2001, extensive renovations were carried out to restore it to its original condition and it now seats 1,000.
The resident orchestra is the Philharmonisches Staatsorchester Mainz (Philharmonic State Orchestra Mainz).
Before the Staatstheater Mainz was constructed, there existed the theatre “Komödienhaus”. The Stadttheater’s great hall (“Großes Haus”)) was built in 1829-33 by Georg Moller with seating for 1,500. It was inaugurated on 21 September 1833 with Weber’s “Jubelouverture” and Mozart’s La clemenza di Tito“. In 1863, Josef Laske repaired the ducal proscenium boxes. In 1876, the auditorium and the foyer were extended by Eduard Kreyßig. In 1898-99, renovations were carried out by Ferdinand Fellner & Hermann Helmer, which involved creation of additional storage space, alterations to the roof, fixing an iron curtain, and improvements to the heating system. When it reopened on 18 September 1899, Gounod’s Faust was premiered.
Philharmonisches Staatsorchester Mainz
The history of the Mainz Philharmonic Orchestra, the theatre’s resident orchestra, can be traced to the Mainz court orchestra in the early 16th century. It became part of the Mainz theatre in 1833. The orchestra presents a series of concerts and also programmes for children and young people. The first conductor was Emil Steinbach under whose direction the first concert of Siegfried Idyll by Richard Wagner was held in 1877. This was followed by the premiere of Der arme Heinrich by Hans Pfitzner in 1885. In 1904, Gustav Mahler’s Fourth Symphony was performed. In 1901, Albert Gorter became the new director. Other directors subsequently worked and contributed to the orchestra. In the 1980s, the music directors were Mladen Bašić, Peter Erckens, and Stefan Sanderling. In 2001, Catherine Rückwardt became the first female music director of the Mainz Philharmonic Orchestra. In 2006, there was a structural reform. In 2011, Rückwardt was replaced by Hermann Bäumer as chief conductor of the Philharmonic Orchestra Mainz and also its music director.