Maria Caniglia Italian soprano 1905 -1979

Maria Caniglia Italian soprano 1905 - 1979

Maria Caniglia was born in Naples and studied at the Music Conservatories of Naples with Agostino Roche. She made her professional debut in Turin as Chrysothemis in Elektra in 1930. The same year she sang Magda in Respighi’s La campana sommersa in Genoa and Elsa in Wagner’s Lohengrin in Rome and made her debut at La Scala in Milan as Maria in Pizzetti’s Lo straniero.

Maria Caniglia Italian soprano 1905 – 1979

Maria Caniglia (5 May 1905 – 16 April 1979) was one of the leading Italian dramatic sopranos of the 1930s and 1940s.

Life and career

Maria Caniglia was born in Naples and studied at the Music Conservatories of Naples with Agostino Roche. She made her professional debut in Turin as Chrysothemis in Elektra in 1930. The same year she sang Magda in Respighi’s La campana sommersa in Genoa and Elsa in Wagner’s Lohengrin in Rome and made her debut at La Scala in Milan as Maria in Pizzetti’s Lo straniero. She sang regularly at La Scala until 1951 in the leading dramatic soprano roles in opera, such as Un ballo in maschera, La forza del destino, Aida, Andrea Chénier, Tosca and Adriana Lecouvreur. She was particularly successful in roles from the latter verismo school.

On the international scene, Caniglia appeared in venues such as the Paris Opéra, Covent Garden, and the Teatro Colón. She made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera, New York on 21 November 1938 as Desdemona in Otello.

Caniglia participated in the exhumation of a few long forgotten operas such as Donizetti’s Poliuto and Verdi’s Oberto. She also participated in the creation of many contemporary works: Manuela in Montemezzi’s La notte di Zoraima, Milan, 1931, Rosanna in Alfano’s Cyrano di Bergerac, Rome, 1936, and the title role of Respighi’s Lucrezia, Rome, 1937.

Caniglia regularly worked with the greatest conductors and singers, and left recordings of some of her great roles, notably Un ballo in maschera, and Aida (conducted by Tullio Serafin), Andrea Chénier and Tosca (conducted by Oliviero De Fabritiis), all opposite tenor Beniamino Gigli; La forza del destino (cond. Gino Marinuzzi), Don Carlo, Fedora and Zandonai’s Francesca da Rimini, this last conducted by Antonio Guarnieri.

Caniglia was married in 1939 to Italian composer Pino Donati (1907–1975), who was also music director of the Verona Arena, the Teatro Comunale di Bologna, and the Chicago Lyric Opera. She died in Rome, aged 73.

På svenska

Maria Caniglia debuterade 1930 som Chrysothemis i Elektra på Teatro Regio i Turin. Samma år kom hon till La Scala där hon var den firade primadonnan till 1941. 1935 sjöng hon Alice Ford i Falstaff i Salzburg och var regelbundet gäst på Covent Garden, i Wien och Buenos Aires samt vid festspelen i Verona vars ledare, Pino Donati, hon var gift med.

Metropolitan Opera

Met Performance] CID:124000 
Otello {66}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/21/1938
Opening Night {54}
Edward Johnson, General Manager
Debut: Maria Caniglia
Review
[Met Performance] CID:124030
Aida {425}
Metropolitan Opera House; 11/24/1938
Debuts: Maria Gambarelli, Boris Romanoff
[Met Performance] CID:124100
Aida {426}
American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 11/29/1938
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:124150
Otello {67}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/3/1938
Debut: Alessio De Paolis
Broadcast
[Met Performance] CID:124190
Otello {68}
Horace Bushnell Memorial Hall, Hartford, Connecticut; 12/6/1938
[Met Performance] CID:124310
Falstaff {55}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/16/1938
Reviews
[Met Performance] CID:124340
Aida {427}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/17/1938
[Met Performance] CID:124400
Tosca {239}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/22/1938
Review
[Met Performance] CID:124460
Falstaff {56}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/26/1938
[Met Performance] CID:124500
Aida {428}
Metropolitan Opera House; 12/29/1938
Review
[Met Performance] CID:124550
Tosca {241}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/2/1939
[Met Performance] CID:124610
Aida {429}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/6/1939
[Met Performance] CID:124630
Falstaff {57}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/7/1939
Review
[Met Performance] CID:124690 
Simon Boccanegra {17}
Metropolitan Opera House; 01/13/1939
Debut: Leonard Warren
Review

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